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A procedure to obtain a topology of an optimal structure considering flexibility is presented. The methodology is based on a mutual energy concept for formulation of flexibility and the homogenization method. A multi-objective optimization problem is formulated as an application of compliant mechanism design. Some examples of the design of compliant(More)
Recently, smoothly-deforming aircraft structures have been investigated for their ability to adapt to varying flight conditions. Researchers aim to achieve large changes in the shape of the wings: area changes of up to 50% and aspect-ratio changes of up to 200% are being pursued. The research described in this paper aims to develop a structural concept(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in minimally invasive surgical techniques will require new types of instrument end-effectors for smaller, longer, and flexible instruments. These include a new class of multifunctional instruments capable of performing more than 1 task with a single set of working jaws. Furthermore, it is desired that multifunctional instruments be(More)
Despite the apparent advantages of and recent advances in the use of visualization in engineering design and optimization, we have found little evidence in the engineering literature that assesses the impact of fast, graphical design interfaces on the efficiency and effectiveness of engineering design decisions or the design optimization process. In this(More)
This paper presents the stability analysis of the leading edge spar of a flapping wing unmanned air vehicle with a compliant spine inserted in it. The compliant spine is a mechanism that was designed to be flexible during the upstroke and stiff during the downstroke. Inserting a variable stiffness mechanism into the leading edge spar affects its structural(More)
The authors determine the utility of applying two display design principles toward the development of interfaces for engineering design. The first principle, called the Proximity Compatibility Principle , specifies that displays relevant to a common task or mental operation should be rendered close together in perceptual space. The second principle, called(More)
Origami shows great promise for providing insight and inspiration for future discoveries and new applications. The Symposium on Origami-Based Engineering Design has been created to provide a venue for researchers to present their work, interact with other researchers in the field, and discuss future trends and needs. The symposium consists of technical(More)