Mary F. Barbe

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The formation of brain circuits requires molecular recognition between functionally related neurons. We report the cloning of a molecule that participates in these interactions. The limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP) is an immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily member with 3 Ig domains and a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol anchor. In the developing(More)
Repetitive strain injuries (RSI), which include several musculoskeletal disorders and nerve compression injuries, are associated with performance of repetitive and forceful tasks. In this study, we examined in young, adult Sprague-Dawley rats, the effects of performing a voluntary, moderate repetition, high force (MRHF; nine reaches/min; 60% maximum pulling(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) is a primary inflammatory mediator that converts arachidonic acid into precursors of vasoactive prostaglandins, producing reactive oxygen species in the process. Under normal conditions COX2 is not detectable, except at low abundance in the brain. This study demonstrates a distinctive pattern of COX2 increases in the brain over time(More)
Regionalization of the cerebral cortex occurs during development by the formation of anatomically and functionally discrete areas of the brain. Descriptive evidence based on expression of molecules and structural features suggests that an early parcelation of the cerebral wall may occur during fetal development. Experimental strategies using tissue(More)
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a relationship between advancing age and susceptibility to risk factors for median neuropathies and musculoskeletal disorders. In this study, we determined if performance of a voluntary reaching task by aged rats induced sensorimotor declines, median nerve dysfunction and increased inflammatory cytokines in(More)
STUDY DESIGN A randomized controlled prospective experimental study with some repeated measures. OBJECTIVES To characterize behavioral, sensory, motor, and nerve conduction decrements, and histological changes in the median nerve in rats trained to perform a high-force repetitive task. BACKGROUND Understanding of work-related carpal tunnel syndrome is(More)
The purpose of this commentary is to present recent epidemiological findings regarding work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) of the hand and wrist, and to summarize experimental evidence of underlying tissue pathophysiology and sensorimotor changes in WMSDs. Sixty-five percent of the 333 800 newly reported cases of occupational illness in 2001 were(More)
This study investigated changes in motor skills and tissues of the upper extremity (UE) with regard to injury and inflammatory reactions resulting from performance of a voluntary forelimb repetitive reaching and grasping task in rats. Rats reached for food at a rate of 4 reaches/min, 2 h/day, and 3 days/week for up to 8 weeks during which reach rate, task(More)
We determined the frequency of anomalous structures within the carpal tunnels of 89 cadaveric forearm-hand specimens. We also examined these same specimens for variations in the branching pattern of the median nerve, and analyzed the range in length and width of the lumbricals. Many of the hands contained extra tendinous slips from the long flexors within(More)
An increase in the synthesis of heat shock proteins that is induced in cells in vitro by hyperthermia or other types of metabolic stress correlates with enhanced cell survival upon further stress. To determine if a similar increase in stress tolerance could be elicited in vivo, rats were made hyperthermic, and then their retinas were tested for sensitivity(More)