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Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative disorders. However, clinical trials with COX-2 inhibitors have yielded contradictory results. In the present study we investigated whether COX-2 plays a role in the behavioral and cognitive impairments seen in olfactory bulbectomized rats. These impairments(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells play an essential role in maintaining tolerance to self and nonself. In several models of T cell-mediated (auto) immunity, Treg cells exert protective effects by the inhibition of pathogenic T cell responses. In addition, Treg cells can modulate T cell-independent inflammation. We now show that CD4+CD25+ Treg cells are(More)
The effects of caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) and theophylline (1,3-dimethylxanthine) on caudate dopamine release were examined in urethane anesthetized and freely moving rats using in vivo electrochemistry. In anesthetized animals, all doses (150, 250, and 500 mumole/kg, i.p.) produced significant decreases in caudate dopamine (DA) release, which were(More)
Rising neurodegenerative and depressive disease prevalence combined with the lack of effective pharmaceutical treatments and dangerous side effects, has created an urgent need for the development of effective therapies. Considering that these disorders are multifactorial in origin, treatments designed to interfere at different mechanistic levels may be more(More)
OBJECTIVE Proline-glycine-proline (PGP) has been shown to have chemotactic effects on neutrophils via CXCR2 in several lung diseases. PGP is derived from collagen by the combined action of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 8 and/or MMP9 and prolyl endopeptidase (PE). We investigated the role of PGP in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). DESIGN In intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is estimated to affect as many as 300 million people worldwide and its incidence and prevalence are rapidly increasing throughout the world, especially in children and within developing countries. Recently, there has been a growing interest in the use of potentially beneficial bacteria for allergic diseases. This study is aimed at(More)
BACKGROUND Liver dysfunction in pregnancy has serious consequences. Its frequency and characteristics have not been systematically documented in Britain. We have prospectively determined incidence, causes, and outcome of liver dysfunction in pregnancy in an obstetric unit in Southwest Wales, UK. METHODS A central laboratory identified all abnormal liver(More)