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IL-5 is a member of the hemopoietic cytokine family and has profound effects on the differentiation, survival, migration, and effector function of human eosinophils. Increased tyrosine phosphorylation has been observed as an early event in IL-5 signal transduction in eosinophils; most notably, proteins of 45 and 135 kDa became tyrosine phosphorylated(More)
Eosinophils (EOS) are important effector cells in allergic diseases and asthma. However, functional characteristics of the EOS have been derived primarily from studies of blood cells, and it is unlikely that such assessments reflect events occurring in tissues or airways. To establish more precisely the function of airway EOS, segmental Ag challenge was(More)
Eosinophils, the major immune effector cells contributing to allergic inflammation and asthma, are profoundly affected by interleukin (IL) 5 with respect to their differentiation, viability, recruitment, and cytotoxic effector functions. IL-5 enhances eosinophil responsiveness to a variety of chemotactic factors via a process called priming, although the(More)
IL-5 is a key cytokine for eosinophil maturation, recruitment, activation, and possibly the development of inflammation in asthma. High concentrations of IL-5 are present in the airway after Ag challenge, but the responsiveness of airway eosinophils to IL-5 is not well characterized. The objectives of this study were to establish, following airway Ag(More)
Eosinophils migrate from the vascular circulation to the inflamed airways during asthma exacerbations. While the mechanism(s) of this process is not known, the expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) has been found to modulate neutrophil adhesion and migration to inflammatory sites. We hypothesized that increased expression of(More)
Adhesion to the adhesion protein, VCAM-1, on vascular endothelium is proposed to be an important factor in the selective accumulation of eosinophils at sites of allergic inflammation. To determine whether eosinophil adhesion to VCAM-1 is also associated with an alteration of eosinophil function, human peripheral blood eosinophils were isolated from allergic(More)
Inhibition of eosinophil apoptosis by exposure to interleukin-5 (IL-5) is associated with the development of tissue eosinophilia and may contribute to the inflammation characteristic of asthma. Analysis of the signaling events associated with this process has been hampered by the inability to efficiently manipulate eosinophils by the introduction of active(More)
Allergic inflammation is characterized by elevated eosinophil numbers and by the increased production of the cytokines IL-5 and GM-CSF, which control several eosinophil functions, including the suppression of apoptosis. The JAK/STAT pathway is important for several functions in hemopoietic cells, including the suppression of apoptosis. We report in this(More)
Emerging evidence suggests a role for eosinophils in immune regulation of T cells. Thus, we sought to determine whether human eosinophils may exert their effect via differential generation of Th1 and Th2 chemokines depending on cytokines in their microenvironment and, if so, to establish the conditions under which these chemokines are produced. Eosinophils(More)
Eosinophils are potent effector cells contributing to allergic inflammation and asthma. The differentiation, recruitment, and effector functions of eosinophils are greatly affected by interleukin (IL)-5. In the eosinophil, signal transduction pathways including Jak-STAT and Ras-Raf-MAP kinase are stimulated by IL-5 and enzymatic activation of tyrosine(More)