Mary Ellen A Bozynski

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Serial plasma, urinary, and postmortem tissue aluminum levels were determined in 32-week, appropriate-for-gestational-age twins from 45 to 151 days postnatal age. Estimated total aluminum absorptions were 56.7 mg, and 28 mg, twin A and twin B, respectively. At autopsy, Twin A had a hypoplastic right kidney while Twin B had normal kidneys. Mean plasma(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate an effective model for designing, implementing, and evaluating the Sociocultural Medicine Program (SMP), part of a comprehensive sociocultural medicine curriculum at the University of Michigan Medical School. METHOD This study followed a cross-sectional, pre- and post-intervention survey design. A total of 167 medical students(More)
In this prospective, longitudinal study, the relative impact of intracranial hemorrhage and prolonged mechanical ventilation on developmental progress during the first 18 months of life of infants weighing 1,200 g or less at birth was examined. A total of 159 surviving infants were divided into two groups: infants with and those without intracranial(More)
The hypothesis was that bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) adversely affects cognitive performance at school age. This prospective cohort study examined three groups of children at 8 to 10 years of age. Group 1 (n = 311) consisted of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants without BPD and Group 2 (n = 95) consisted of VLBW infants with BPD. Group 3 (n = 188)(More)
The rôle of serial cranial ultrasonography in the prediction of cerebral palsy was examined in 116 surviving infants with birthweights less than or equal to 1200 g. All underwent serial real-time sonographic examinations of the brain on days one, five and 21, then monthly, until term corrected age. Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) was diagnosed in 48(More)
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been used for neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and respiratory failure at the authors' hospital since June 1981. In 1988, criteria for inclusion in ECLS were broadened to include "nonhoneymoon" infants (honeymoon: best postductal PaO2 of > 50 mm Hg). To evaluate the impact of this approach on the(More)
Two preterm infants (28 weeks, 960 g; 32 weeks, 1,870 g) with very large tracheoesophageal fistulas suffered from respiratory distress syndrome and failed to respond to conventional mechanical ventilation despite placement of a decompressive gastrostomy. Pulmonary air leaks developed in both, resulting in transdiaphragmatic pneumoperitoneum, and significant(More)
One hundred surviving infants with birthweights less than or equal to 1200 g were examined longitudinally, using real-time ultrasonography of the brain. Five infants were diagnosed as having cavitary periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). One infant expired within a month following discharge; the remaining four entered a follow-up program and received(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on growth at school age. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. METHODS The sample included 406 children selected from a reconstructed cohort of infants of very low birth weight previously enrolled in a multisite, randomized, controlled clinical trial. The children were contacted at 8 to(More)
PURPOSE Sociocultural medicine is a growing curricular area in medical education. Because faculty members and residents will teach these curricula and model these skills in patient care, it is important to assess their attitudes toward diversity. This study examined faculty members' and residents' attitudes toward sociocultural issues in medicine. METHOD(More)