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We have shown that dietary fish oil and pectin (FP) protects against radiation-enhanced colon cancer by upregulating apoptosis in colonic mucosa. To investigate the mechanism of action, we provided rats (n = 40) with diets containing the combination of FP or corn oil and cellulose (CC) prior to exposure to 1 Gy, 1 GeV/nucleon Fe-ion. All rats were injected(More)
Oxidative stress may be the fundamental basis of many of the structural, functional and biochemical changes characteristic of the inherited muscular dystrophies in animals and humans. The presence of by-products of oxidative damage, and the compensatory increases in cellular antioxidants, both indicate oxidative stress may be occurring in dystrophic muscle.(More)
The antioxidant effect of dihydrolipoate and lipoate was examined in microsomal fractions obtained from normal and alpha-tocopherol-deficient animals after initiation of lipid peroxidation with an NADPH/iron/ADP system. Dihydrolipoate prolonged the lag phase before the onset of low-level chemiluminescence and before the rapid accumulation of thiobarbituric(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the compliance with diabetes care performance indicators by diabetes specialists using a diabetes electronic management system (DEMS) and by those using the traditional paper medical record. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A DEMS has been gradually introduced into our subspecialty practice for diabetes care. To assess the value of this(More)
This study evaluated the hypothesis that untreated and irradiated grapefruit as well as the isolated citrus compounds naringin and limonin would protect against azoxymethane (AOM)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) by suppressing proliferation and elevating apoptosis through anti-inflammatory activities. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 100) were provided one(More)
Indirect evidence suggests that oxidative stress may play a role in the pathogenesis of inherited muscular dystrophy, but the significance and precise extent of this contribution is poorly understood. Compared with normal muscle, significantly higher contents of glutathione, glutathione disulphide, protein-glutathione mixed disulphides and protein carbonyl(More)
Reactive oxygen species occur in tissues and can damage DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. These potentially deleterious reactions are controlled by a system of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants which eliminate prooxidants and scavenge free radicals. The ability of the lipid-soluble carotenoids to quench singlet molecular oxygen may explain(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) rapidly scavenges superoxide (O2-) and also prolongs the vasorelaxant effects of nitric oxide (NO), thought to be the endothelium-derived relaxing factor. This prolongation has been ascribed to prevention of the reaction between O2- with NO. We report that SOD supports a reversible reduction of NO to NO-. When cyanamide and(More)
Prolonged generation of reactive oxygen species by inflammatory mediators can induce oxidative DNA damage (8-oxodG formation), potentially resulting in intestinal tumorigenesis. Fish oil (FO), compared to corn oil (CO), has been shown to downregulate inflammation and upregulate apoptosis targeted at damaged cells. We hypothesized FO could protect the(More)