Mary E. Rybak Rice

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Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) complicates about 15%-20% of severe head injury patients and is one of the major causes for bad outcome, yet the pathomechanisms involved are not well understood. This study has employed a recently developed technique to determine whether ASDH induces free radicals in the underlying brain. We also studied the effect of(More)
NOD/ShiLtJ (previously NOD/LtJ) inbred mice show polygenic autoimmune disease and are commonly used to model autoimmune-related type I diabetes, as well as Sjogren's syndrome. They also show rapidly progressing hearing loss, partly due to the combined effects of Cdh23ahl and Ahl2. Congenic NOD.NON-H2nb1/LtJ mice, which carry corrective alleles within the H2(More)
The neuroprotective effects of drugs that act against excitotoxic damage, caused by glutamate, are well described in focal ischemia, but behavioral effects, and apparent failure in clinical trials of "first-generation" competitive N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists, such as Selfotel (CGS19755), has led to interest in evaluating newer NMDA antagonists(More)
Recognizing the methylation status of specific DNA sequences is central to the function of many systems in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Restriction-modification systems have to distinguish between 'self' and 'non-self' DNA and depend on the inability of restriction endonucleases to cleave their DNA substrates when the DNA is appropriately methylated. These(More)
Using data on ocean circulation with a Lagrangian larval transport model, we modeled the potential dispersal distances for seven species of bathyal invertebrates whose durations of larval life have been estimated from laboratory rearing, MOCNESS plankton sampling, spawning times, and recruitment. Species associated with methane seeps in the Gulf of Mexico(More)
Cochlear stria vascularis contains melanin-producing intermediate cells that play a critical role in the production of the endocochlear potential (EP) and in maintaining the high levels of K(+) that normally exist in scala media. The melanin produced by intermediate cells can be exported to the intrastrial space, where it may be taken up by strial marginal(More)
Molecular phylogenetics suggests that the Sipuncula fall into the Annelida, although they are morphologically very distinct and lack segmentation. To understand the evolutionary transformations from the annelid to the sipunculan body plan, it is important to reconstruct the ancestral states within the respective clades at all life history stages. Here we(More)
The Pvu II restriction endonuclease (R. Pvu II) cleaves CAG downward arrowCTG sequences as indicated, leaving blunt ends. Its cognate methyltransferase (M. Pvu II) generates N4-methylcytosine, yielding CAGN4mCTG, though the mechanism by which this prevents cleavage by R. Pvu II is unknown. The heterologous 5-methylcytosinemethylation CAG5mCTG has also been(More)
Sipuncula is an ancient clade of unsegmented marine worms that develop through a conserved pattern of unequal quartet spiral cleavage. They exhibit putative character modifications, including conspicuously large first-quartet micromeres and prototroch cells, postoral metatroch with exclusive locomotory function, paired retractor muscles and terminal organ(More)
Sipuncula is a relatively small taxon with roughly 150 recognized species. Many species are geographically widespread or "cosmopolitan." The pelagosphera larvae of some species are estimated to spend several months in the plankton. However, recent molecular evidence suggests that many of the "cosmopolitan" species actually represent species-complexes, some(More)