Learn More
A common complication associated with diabetes is painful or painless diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). The mechanisms and determinants responsible for these peripheral neuropathies are poorly understood. Using both streptozotocin (STZ)-induced and transgene-mediated murine models of type 1 diabetes (T1D), we demonstrate that Transient Receptor(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) maintain vital neuronal functions. Absolute or functional deficiencies of insulin or IGF-I may contribute to neuronal and vascular complications associated with diabetes. Vanilloid receptor 1 (also called TRPV1) is an ion channel that mediates inflammatory thermal nociception and is present on sensory neurons.(More)
Autoimmune diabetes is associated with T helper 1 polarization, but protection from disease can be provided by the application of T helper 2 (Th2) cytokines. To test whether genetic manipulation of T-cells can provide protective Th2 responses, we developed transgenic mice in which T-cells express the interleukin-4-specific transcription factor c-Maf. When(More)
A T cell-specific Ly-49A transgene inhibits TCR-mediated activation in the presence of H-2Dd. Expression of this transgene by developing thymocytes impairs negative selection evidenced by a failure to delete potentially autoreactive T cells and development of a graft-vs-host-disease-like syndrome. In mice carrying both the Ly-49A and a class II-restricted(More)
Immunoglobulin gene rearrangement during mammalian B cell development generally follows an ordered progression, beginning with heavy (H) chain genes and proceeding through kappa and lambda light (L) chain genes. To determine whether the predicted kappa-->lambda hierarchy was occurring in vitro, we generated Epstein-Barr virus-transformed cell lines from(More)
We have produced a T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic NOD mouse, 6.9TCR/NOD, in which the expression of both diabetogenic T-cells and naturally occurring autoantigen were simultaneously controlled. The parent T-cell clone, BDC-6.9, and T-cells from 6.9TCR/NOD mice recognize a currently unidentified antigen present in NOD but not in BALB/c islet cells. A gene(More)
It is not clear why the development of protective Th2 cells is poor in type 1 diabetes (T1D). c-Maf transactivates the IL-4 gene promoting Th2 cell development; therefore, abnormalities in c-Maf may contribute to reduced IL-4 production by CD4 cells from nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. In this study we demonstrate that despite normal expression, c-Maf binds(More)
  • 1