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Whether children with idiopathic generalized epilepsy exhibit accelerated forgetting of verbal and nonverbal information in comparison to healthy controls matched for age and IQ was explored. Twenty-one children with IGE were compared with 21 healthy controls on measures of verbal and visuospatial memory at delays of 30 minutes and 1 week by use of a(More)
The aim of this study was to observe any changes in cardiac and respiratory function that occur during seizures. Thirty-seven children (20 males, 17 females; median age 7y 6mo, range 1y 6mo to 15y 6mo) were studied. We recorded electroencephalograms, respiratory rate, heart rate, electrocardiograms, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, heart rate variability(More)
In April 2004, a group of physicians with an interest in nonconvulsive status epilepticus representing a spectrum of opinion met in Oxford, sponsored by the Epilepsy Research Foundation (a charitable organization), to discuss and debate the definition, diagnosis and treatment of nonconvulsive status epilepticus. We felt that such a meeting would be useful,(More)
Benzodiazepines are routinely used by the rectal route for the treatment of acute epileptic seizures: if a benzodiazepine was absorbed from nasal administration this could provide a more acceptable alternative to rectal administration. Nineteen children (age range 7 months to 14 years) with intractable epilepsy were chosen. The EEG's showed unequivocal(More)
Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a common complication of the childhood epileptic encephalopathies. An essential feature for the diagnosis of non-convulsive status epilepticus is a continuous epileptiform activity on the electroencephalogram (EEG). Dementia is thought to be a possible long-term sequel of non-convulsive status epilepticus, the(More)
BACKGROUND An association exists between smoking and schizophrenia, independent of other factors and related to psychotic symptomatology. AIMS To determine whether smoking is associated with psychosis in bipolar affective disorder. METHOD Smoking data were collected from 92 unrelated patients with bipolar affective disorder. An ordinal logistic(More)
Data on blood pressure was extracted from the findings of a 6-week double-blind study that was carried out to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prescribing tranylcypromine (TCP) singly and in combination with amitriptyline (AMI). The effect of TCP on blood pressure was one of the methods used to evaluate its safety. Target daily doses of medication for(More)
Benign myoclonic epilepsy in infancy is a rare syndrome with just over 100 cases reported since the first syndromic description by Dravet and Bureau [Dravet, C., Bureau, M., 1981. The benign myoclonic epilepsy of infancy. Rev. Elecroencephalogr. Neurophysiol. Clin. 11, 438-444]. This includes 23 infants with reflex myoclonic epilepsy whose inclusion in the(More)
A series of 25 children, 13 females and 12 males, who had an acquired communication disorder together with epilepsy, but did not fulfil the strict criteria of the Landau-Kleffner syndrome, was studied. All children had a clinical neurological evaluation, speech and language assessment, an awake and sleep EEG, cranial MRI, SPET scan, and audiometry. Clinical(More)
Chromosome imbalances are associated with epilepsy but electro-clinical phenotypes are lacking for all but the best-known syndromes. Scanty information is contained in older case reports published in genetics journals that describe children with severe patterns of malformation and dysmorphism. From a larger series of children with chromosome abnormalities(More)