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Septic shock is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. However, genetic factors predisposing to septic shock are not fully understood. Excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and the resultant severe hypotension play a central role in the pathophysiological process. Mitogen-activated protein(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are critical mediators of innate immune responses. In response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), MAP kinases are rapidly activated and play an important role in the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Although a number of MAP kinase phosphatases (MKPs) have been identified, their roles in the control of cytokine(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) cells exhibit an increase in the protein expression of β-arrestin-2 (βarr2) coincident with perinuclear accumulation of free cholesterol. Arrestins are proteins that both serve as broad signaling regulators and contribute to G-protein coupled receptor internalization after agonist stimulation. The hypothesis of this study is that βarr2(More)
Previous work demonstrated that cystic fibrosis (CF) cells exhibit an increase in cAMP-mediated signaling as a characteristic response to lost CFTR function. Evidence for increased cAMP-mediated signaling in CF included increased phosphorylation of the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and elevated β-arrestin-2 (βarr2) expression. However,(More)
The goal of this study was to identify a mechanism regulating cholesterol accumulation in cystic fibrosis (CF) cells. Both CFTR activation and expression are regulated by the cAMP pathway, and it is hypothesized that a feedback response involving this pathway may be involved in the phenotype of cholesterol accumulation. To examine the role of the cAMP(More)
BACKGROUND Previous observations demonstrate that Cftr-null cells and tissues exhibit alterations in cholesterol processing including perinuclear cholesterol accumulation, increased de novo synthesis, and an increase in plasma membrane cholesterol accessibility compared to wild type controls. The hypothesis of this study is that membrane cholesterol(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are a family of serine/threonine protein kinases that play an important role in a myriad of cellular processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Abnormal activation of MAP kinases has been shown to participate in a variety of human diseases which include cancer, septic shock, rheumatoid(More)