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Membrane fusion has many potential applications in biotechnology. Here we show that antibody-targeted cell fusion can be achieved by engineering a fusogenic viral membrane glycoprotein complex. Three different single-chain antibodies were displayed at the extracellular C terminus of the measles hemagglutinin (H) protein, and combinations of point mutations(More)
Live attenuated measles viruses of the Edmonston lineage (MV-Edm) have potent anti-tumor activity but are not entirely tumor-specific owing to widespread distribution of their native receptors, CD46 and SLAM. We have therefore developed a pseudoreceptor system that allows rescue and propagation of fully retargeted viruses displaying single-chain antibody(More)
The Edmonston vaccine strain of measles virus (MV-Edm) propagates efficiently in a broad range of human tumor cells, killing them selectively. However, the oncolytic potency of MV-Edm in different human tumor xenograft therapy models is highly variable and there is no convenient way to map the distribution of virus-infected tissues in vivo. To enhance the(More)
Gliomas have a dismal prognosis, with the median survival of patients with the most common histology, glioblastoma multiforme, being only 12-15 months. Development of novel therapeutic agents is urgently needed. We have previously demonstrated that oncolytic measles virus strains derived from the Edmonston vaccine lineage have significant antitumor activity(More)
MV-NIS is an oncolytic measles virus encoding the human thyroidal sodium iodide symporter (NIS). Here, we report the results of preclinical pharmacology and toxicology studies conducted in support of our clinical protocol "Phase I Trial of Systemic Administration of Edmonston Strain of Measles Virus, Genetically Engineered to Express NIS, with or without(More)
In support of a proposed phase I clinical trial, we studied the biodistribution of virus-infected cells after intraperitoneal administration of oncolytic measles viruses to alpha/beta interferon-defective mice expressing human CD46 with human-like tissue specificity. Various marker genes were employed, and green fluorescent protein proved to be most(More)
PURPOSE Attenuated measles viruses are promising experimental anticancer agents currently being evaluated in a phase I dose escalation trial for ovarian cancer patients. Virus attachment, entry, and subsequent intercellular fusion between infected and uninfected neighboring cells are mediated via the two measles receptors (CD46 and SLAM). To minimize(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy and the second leading cause of female cancer mortality in the United States. There is an urgent need for development of novel therapeutic approaches. In this study, we investigated the antitumor potential of a novel viral agent, an attenuated strain of measles virus deriving from the Edmonston vaccine lineage,(More)
The sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) is primarily a thyroid protein, providing for the accumulation of iodide for biosynthesis of thyroid hormones. Native NIS expression has made possible the use of radioactive iodide to image and treat thyroid disease successfully. The current study, using adult male beagle dogs, was carried out in preparation for a Phase I(More)
Because of their ability to replicate, the dose-response relationships of oncolytic viruses cannot easily be predicted. To better understand the pharmacokinetics of virotherapy in relation to viral dose and schedule, we administered MV-CEA intraperitoneally in an orthotopic mouse model of ovarian cancer. MV-CEA is an attenuated oncolytic measles virus(More)