Mary E. Endress

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The Asclepiadaceae, as traditionally defined, have repeatedly been shown to be an apomorphic derivative of the Apocynaceae. It has often been recommended that the Asclepiadaceae be subsumed within the Apocynaceae in order to make the latter monophyletic. To date, however, no comprehensive, unified classification has been established. Here we provide a(More)
Tabernaemontaneae (Rauvolfioideae, Apocynaceae) are small trees with mainly animal-dispersed fleshy fruits and arillate seeds represented in the tropics of Africa, Asia, the Pacific and America. The tribe is characterized by complex indole alkaloids, thus its species play a prominent role in traditional medicine. Taxonomically, the Tabernaemontaneae have a(More)
Wood anatomical studies in the economically important Apocynaceae or dogbane family are fragmentary. This study represents a first attempt to unravel the phylogenetic significance and major evolutionary trends in the wood of the family, using existing and new microscopic wood observations within the large subfamily Rauvolfioideae. On the basis of LM and SEM(More)
The Neotropical tribe Mesechiteae (Apocynaceae) is currently considered to include nine genera: Allomarkgrafia, Galactophora, Macrosiphonia, Mandevilla, Mesechites, Quiotania, Secondatia, Telosiphonia, and Tintinnabularia. Tribal and intergeneric relationships, however, are in dispute. To test the monophyly of the tribe and evaluate intratribal(More)
The genusHolarrhena, described byRobert Brown in 1811, has had a problematic taxonomic history, in part due to a suite of characters that does not conform with accepted concepts within theApocynaceae. In a number of important taxonomic charactersHolarrhena is typical of subfam.Apocynoideae. But due to the relatively unspecialized structure of the anthers(More)
This study contributes to our understanding of the phylogenetic significance and major evolutionary trends in the wood of the dogbane family (Apocynaceae), one of the largest and economically most important angiosperm families. Based on LM and SEM observations of 56 Apocynoideae species-representing all currently recognized tribes-and eight Periplocoideae,(More)
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