Mary E. Deadman

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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a virulence determinant of Haemophilus influenzae and exhibits substantial heterogeneity in structure within and between strains. Key factors contributing to this heterogeneity are the genes required to add the first glycose to each of the three heptose residues of the LPS inner core. In each case this addition can facilitate(More)
A survey of Haemophilus influenzae strains indicated that around one-third of capsular strains and over two-thirds of non-typeable strains included sialic acid in their lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Mutation of the CMP-Neu5Ac synthetase gene (siaB) resulted in a sialylation-deficient phenotype. Isogenic pairs, wild type and siaB mutant of two non-typeable(More)
In three patients with mitochondrial DNA duplications, there are two additional re-arranged molecules derived from mitochondrial DNA. Two forms of closed circular deletions of mitochondrial DNA have been characterised in all three patients, one being a monomer, and the other a dimer. The junction fragments appear to be the same in the deletion and the(More)
The whole genome sequence (1.83 Mbp) of Haemophilus influenzae strain Rd was searched to identify tandem oligonucleotide repeat sequences. Loss or gain of one or more nucleotide repeats through a recombination-independent slippage mechanism is known to mediate phase variation of surface molecules of pathogenic bacteria, including H. influenzae. This(More)
Many of the genes for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis in Haemophilus influenzae are phase variable. The mechanism of this variable expression involves slippage of tetranucleotide repeats located within the reading frame of these genes. Based on this, we hypothesized that tetranucleotide repeat sequences might be used to identify as yet unrecognized(More)
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae is a commensal that frequently causes otitis media and respiratory tract infections. The lex2 locus encodes a glycosyltransferase that is phase variably expressed and contributes to the significant intrastrain heterogeneity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) composition in H. influenzae. In serotype b strains, Lex2B adds the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide is the major glycolipid of the cell wall of the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, a Gram-negative commensal and pathogen of humans. Lipopolysaccharide is both a virulence determinant and a target for host immune responses. Glycosyltransferases have high donor and acceptor substrate specificities that are generally limited to catalysis of(More)
Heptose-containing oligosaccharides (OSs) are found in the outer core of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of a subset of non-typable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) strains. Candidate genes for the addition of either l-glycero-d-manno-heptose (ld-Hep) or d-glycero-d-manno-heptose (dd-Hep) and subsequent hexose sugars to these OSs have been identified from the(More)
Restriction enzyme analysis was done on total cellular DNA extracted from whole blood in two patients with mitochondrial myopathy and multisystem involvement and their families. The two patients had an abnormal mitochondrial genome with a large (about 8 kb) duplication present in several tissues. Normal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was also present, but within(More)
Two patients with direct tandem duplications of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and mitochondrial myopathy are described. The breakpoint regions between duplicated segments were amplified using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), cloned and sequenced. The distribution of normal and abnormal genomes in different tissues was investigated using Southern(More)