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We propose that cerebrovascular disease may predispose, precipitate, or perpetuate some geriatric depressive syndromes. The "vascular depression" hypothesis is supported by the comorbidity of depression, vascular disease, and vascular risk factors and the association of ischemic lesions to distinctive behavioral symptoms. Disruption of prefrontal systems or(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to examine the clinical presentation of a group of depressed elderly patients with clinically defined risk factors for vascular depression compared with a group of elderly depressed patients without such risk factors. METHOD Cognitive deficits, disability, and depressive symptoms were examined in 33 consecutively recruited(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this pilot study were to determine the incidence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) one to two months after Myocardial Infarction (MI), and to evaluate potential predictors of PTSD symptoms post-MI. METHODS A convenience sample of 31 patients hospitalized for treatment of acute MI was interviewed during hospitalization(More)
OBJECTIVES To review progress made during the past decade in late-life mood disorders and to identify areas of unmet need in health care delivery and research. PARTICIPANTS The Consensus Development Panel consisted of experts in late-life mood disorders, geriatrics, primary care, mental health and aging policy research, and advocacy. EVIDENCE (1)(More)
Depression is commonly reported in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery patients. This study assesses the relationship of preoperative characteristics, life stressors, social support, major cardiac and neurologic outcomes and other complications to depressive symptomatology. Demographic and clinical data, CES-D score and information on life stressors(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a mixed-methods approach to develop and test a basic behavioral science-informed intervention to motivate behavior change in 3 high-risk clinical populations. Our theoretically derived intervention comprised a combination of positive affect and self-affirmation (PA/SA), which we applied to 3 clinical chronic disease populations. (More)
The authors analyzed the relationship between a provider's diagnosis of depression and health services utilization among all elderly patients (N=3,481) seen in a primary care practice over 12 months. Of patients with a diagnosis of depression, 29.7% were given an antidepressant. Depressed patients had increased outpatient resource utilization, including(More)
Depression is an important problem in older patients with multiple medical problems, where the under-recognition and undertreatment of depression is especially common. A large number of studies assessing the relationship between depression and medical burden have focused on patients with cardiac disease, and recent research has focused on the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Faith-based organizations are recognized as an influential venue for behavioral health interventions. However, less is known about efficient approaches for identifying and recruiting these organizations and about the processes that enable successful partnership. COMMUNITY CONTEXT In 2007, 66% of Latinos and 70% of blacks in New York City(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine the effect of depression on the utilization of health care resources, after adjusting for age and comorbidity from data obtained on routine clinical practice. METHOD The study is an observational cohort of 15,186 patients followed over a one-year period beginning December 1993. Comprehensive(More)