Mary E. Byrne

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Meristem function in plants requires both the maintenance of stem cells and the specification of founder cells from which lateral organs arise. Lateral organs are patterned along proximodistal, dorsoventral and mediolateral axes. Here we show that the Arabidopsis mutant asymmetric leaves1 (as1) disrupts this process. AS1 encodes a myb domain protein,(More)
The shoot apical meristem comprises undifferentiated stem cells and their derivatives, which include founder cells for lateral organs such as leaves. Meristem maintenance and lateral organ specification are regulated in part by negative interactions between the myb domain transcription factor ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1, which is expressed in lateral organ(More)
Plants leaves develop proximodistal, dorsoventral (adaxial-abaxial), and mediolateral patterns following initiation. The Myb domain gene PHANTASTICA (PHAN) is required for adaxial fate in many plants , but the Arabidopsis ortholog ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1 (AS1) has milder effects, suggesting that alternate or redundant pathways exist . We describe enhancers of(More)
Lateral organs in plants arise from the meristem in a stereotypical pattern known as phyllotaxy. Spiral patterns result from initiation of successive organs at a fixed angle of divergence but variable patterns of physical contact. Such patterns ultimately give rise to individual leaves and flowers at positions related to each other by consecutive terms in(More)
Transition from the vegetative phase to reproductive phase is a crucial process in the life cycle of higher plants. Although the molecular mechanisms of flowering regulation have been extensively characterized in a number of plant species, little is known regarding how the transition process initiates. Here, we show that the Rice Indeterminate 1 (RID1) gene(More)
Shoots are characterized by indeterminate growth resulting from divisions of undifferentiated cells in the central region of the shoot apical meristem. These cells give rise to peripheral derivatives from which lateral organ initials are recruited. During initial stages of cell recruitment, the three-dimensional form of lateral organs is specified. Lateral(More)
Leaves are determinate organs that arise from the flanks of the shoot apical meristem as polar structures with distinct adaxial (dorsal) and abaxial (ventral) sides. Opposing regulatory interactions between genes specifying adaxial or abaxial fates function to maintain dorsoventral polarity. One component of this regulatory network is the Myb-domain(More)
A Kunjin (KUN) virus cDNA sequence of 10664 nucleotides was obtained and it encoded a single open reading frame for 3433 amino acids. Partial N-terminal amino acid analyses of KUN virus-specified proteins identified the polyprotein cleavage sites and the definitive gene order. The gene order relative to that proposed for yellow fever (YF) virus is as(More)
High vitamin D intake is associated with reduced insulin resistance. Expression of extra-renal 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D hydroxylase (1alpha-hydroxylase) has been reported in several tissues and contributes to local synthesis of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D) from the substrate 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD). Expression and dietary(More)
Leaves occur in a vast array of shapes and sizes, with complex diversity contributing to optimization of the principal function of photosynthesis. The program of development from a self-renewing stem cell population to a mature leaf has been of interest to biologists for years. Many genes involved in this process have been identified, particularly in the(More)