Mary E Blair

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Understanding ecological niche evolution over evolutionary timescales is crucial to elucidating the biogeographic history of organisms. Here, we used, for the first time, climate-based ecological niche models (ENMs) to test hypotheses about ecological divergence and speciation processes between sister species pairs of lemurs (genus Eulemur) in Madagascar.(More)
Sex-biased dispersal (SBD) is common in many vertebrates, including primates. However, dispersal patterns in New World primates may vary among closely related taxa or populations in different local environments. Here, we test for SBD in an endangered New World primate, the Central American Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus). Previous studies of(More)
The accurate diagnosis of conservation units now typically includes recognition of genetic diversity and unique evolutionary lineages and is necessary to inform the conservation management of endangered species. We evaluated whether the two currently recognized subspecies of the endangered Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii) in Costa Rica(More)
Sodium appetite is often produced experimentally by using the diuretic furosemide (Furo) to induce a rapid loss of urinary sodium. The present experiments were designed to investigate the dose-dependent relationship between renal and behavioral responses to Furo. We compared the effects of five different Furo doses (0.5, 1, 2, 6, and 10 mg) on 3% NaCl(More)
Vietnam has the highest number of primate taxa overall (24-27) and the highest number of globally threatened primate taxa (minimum 20) in Mainland Southeast Asia. Conservation management of these species depends in part on resolving taxonomic uncertainties, which remain numerous among the Asian primates. Recent research on genetic, morphological, and(More)
Landscape genetic studies offer a fine-scale understanding of how habitat heterogeneity influences population genetic structure. We examined population genetic structure and conducted a landscape genetic analysis for the endangered Central American Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri oerstedii) that lives in the fragmented, human-modified habitats of the Central(More)
The relationship between humans and non-human primates in South Africa is problematic. On the one hand, vervet monkeys were formerly designated vermin species and could be destroyed at will. On the other hand, many people keep young vervets as pets even though this is illegal, and the animals are confiscated if discovered. Sanctuaries were established to(More)
The impressive diversity and unique distribution of primate taxa in Southeast Asia creates a region of interesting biogeography and evolutionary history that remains poorly understood. The three species in the Asian colobine genus Pygathrix (P. cinerea, P. nemaeus, and P. nigripes) appear to follow the unique distribution pattern, replacing one another(More)
MICHAEL J. FOSTER,∗ § MARY E. BLAIR,∗ †† CHANDA BENNETT,∗† NORA BYNUM,∗‡ AND ELEANOR J. STERLING∗ ∗Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, U.S.A. †New York Aquarium, 602 Surf Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11224, U.S.A. ‡Office of Global Strategy and Programs, Duke University,(More)
Wildlife trade is increasingly recognized as an unsustainable threat to primate populations and informing its management is a growing focus and application of primatological research. However, management policies based on ecological research alone cannot address complex socioeconomic or cultural contexts as drivers of wildlife trade. Multidisciplinary(More)