Mary E. Beckman

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Adults' performance on a variety of tasks suggests that phonological processing of nonwords is grounded in generalizations about sublexical patterns over all known words. A small body of research suggests that children's phonological acquisition is similarly based on generalizations over the lexicon. To test this account, production accuracy and fluency(More)
The ToBI conventions are a consensus system for labelling spoken utterances that<lb>segregates tags for different types of phonological events and structures into parallel quasi-<lb>independent tiers. Most notably, the conventions specify a way to mark the phonologically contrastive intonational events (Tones) separately from the hierarchy of inter-word(More)
In this paper, we draw on recent developments in several areas of cognitive science that suggest that the lexicon is at the core of grammatical generalizations at several different levels of representation. Evidence comes from many sources, including recent studies on language processing in adults and on language acquisition in children. Phonological(More)
This paper describes some of the more salient intonational phenomena of Spanish, and reviews several of the most pressing questions that remain to be addressed before a definitive model of the system can be incorporated into a consensus transcription system for the language. The phenomena reviewed include the metrical underpinnings of the tune, and some of(More)
In order to understand better the phonetic control of final lengthening, the articulation of phrase-final syllables was compared with that of two other contexts known to increase syllable duration: accent and slow tempo. The kinematics of jaw movements in [pap] sequences and of lower lip movements in [pe] sequences for four subjects were interpreted in(More)
This paper examines the acoustic characteristics of voiceless sibilant fricatives in English-and Japanese-speaking adults and the acquisition of contrasts involving these sounds in 2- and 3-year-old children. Both English and Japanese have a two-way contrast between an alveolar fricative (/s/), and a postalveolar fricative (/∫/ in English and /ɕ/ in(More)
This work examines the effect of gender stereotypes on the perception of language by drawing together findings from the fields of speech perception, gender studies, and social psychology. Results from two speech perception experiments are reviewed that show that listeners’ stereotypes about gender, as activated by the faces and voices of speakers, alter the(More)
The rostral nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) figures prominently in the gustatory system, giving rise to ascending taste pathways that are well documented. Less is known of the local connections of the rostral NST with sites in the medulla. This study defines the intramedullary connections of the rostral NST in the hamster. Small iontophoretic injections(More)