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In order to understand better the phonetic control of final lengthening, the articulation of phrase-final syllables was compared with that of two other contexts known to increase syllable duration: accent and slow tempo. The kinematics of jaw movements in [pap] sequences and of lower lip movements in [pe] sequences for four subjects were interpreted in(More)
This paper describes some of the more salient intonational phenomena of Span-ish, and reviews several of the most pressing questions that remain to be addressed before a deÞnitive model of the system can be incorporated into a consensus transcription system for the language. The phenomena reviewed include the metrical underpinnings of the tune, and some of(More)
A growing body of research has documented effects of phonotactic probability on young children's nonword repetition. This study extends this research in 2 ways. First, it compares nonword repetitions by 40 young children with phonological disorders with those by 40 same-age peers with typical phonological development on a nonword repetition task in which(More)
Adults' performance on a variety of tasks suggests that phonological processing of nonwords is grounded in generalizations about sublexical patterns over all known words. A small body of research suggests that children's phonological acquisition is similarly based on generalizations over the lexicon. To test this account, production accuracy and fluency(More)
The rostral nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) figures prominently in the gustatory system, giving rise to ascending taste pathways that are well documented. Less is known of the local connections of the rostral NST with sites in the medulla. This study defines the intramedullary connections of the rostral NST in the hamster. Small iontophoretic injections(More)
(in press) Prosodic models and transcription: Towards prosodic typology. Oxford University Press. Please do not cite without permission of authors and editor. The term ToBI has come to be used in two different ways. Originally, it was the name of an annotation system, developed in the period 1991 to 1994, which was designed for use in labelling intonation(More)
In this paper, we draw on recent developments in several areas of cognitive science that suggest that the lexicon is at the core of grammatical generalizations at several different levels of representation. Evidence comes from many sources, including recent studies on language processing in adults and on language acquisition in children. Phonological(More)
1. INTRODUCTION The term 'laboratory phonology' was invented more than a decade ago as the name of an interdisciplinary conference series, and all three of us have co-organized laboratory phonology conferences. Since then, the term has come into use not only for the conference series itself, but for the research activities exemplified by work presented(More)