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OBJECTIVE Current cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) are based on the detection of surrogate markers of neuronal damage such as CSF 14-3-3, which are not specific for sCJD. A number of prion protein conversion assays have been developed, including real time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC). The objective of(More)
The utility of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteins such as 14-3-3, tau protein and S-100b as diagnostic markers in the early stages of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is unclear. We examined the diagnostic value of these CSF proteins in the early stages of sCJD (within 6 weeks of onset of symptoms). Four groups of patients were compared: patients(More)
Adult echinoderms possess a highly diverged, pentaradial body plan. Developmental mechanisms underlying this body plan are completely unknown, but are critical in understanding how echinoderm pentamery evolved from bilateral ancestors. These mechanisms are difficult to study in indirect-developing species; in this study, we use the direct-developing sea(More)
General rights Copyright for the publications made accessible via the Edinburgh Research Explorer is retained by the author(s) and / or other copyright owners and it is a condition of accessing these publications that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights. Take down policy The University of Edinburgh has made every(More)
OBJECTIVES Delirium is associated with an increased risk of long-term cognitive decline, suggesting the possibility of concurrent central nervous system (CNS) injury. S100B is a putative biomarker of CNS injury and elevated serum levels in delirium have been reported. Here we hypothesize that delirium is associated with raised concentrations of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) for Abstracts by five high-impact general medical journals and to assess whether the quality of reporting was homogeneous across these journals. DESIGN This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING Randomised controlled trial (RCT)(More)
We screened 52 children adopted from Ethiopia for malaria because they had previously lived in a disease-endemic region or had past or current hepatomegaly or splenomegaly. Seven (13.5%) children had asymptomatic malaria parasitemia by microscopy (n = 2) or PCR (n = 5). Our findings suggest that adoptees at risk for asymptomatic malaria should be screened,(More)
Echinoderms are unique among bilaterians for their derived, nonbilateral adult body plan. Their radial symmetry emerges from the bilateral larval body plan by the establishment of a new axis, the adult oral-aboral axis, involving local mesoderm-ectoderm interactions. We examine the mechanisms underlying this transition in the direct-developing sea urchin(More)
  • Diane L Zimmerman, Mary Andrews, Bruce Burke, Hiram Fitzgerald, Les Manderschied, Patrick Mcconeghy +3 others
  • 2000
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