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- Mary Croarken
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 2001

still remembers the surprise with which the first word of Shannon’s association of randomness and entropy with signaling was greeted. With this paradigm, Shannon changed the entire nature of small-current electrical engineering. Weiss is currently the associate editor in chief of the Association for Computing Machinery’s Computing Reviews, a Fellow of the… (More)

- Mary Croarken
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 1993

The development of computers at the University of Manchester in the late 1940s is discussed. Scientific computation in Britain during and immediately after World War II is briefly described. Computers at the University were initially influenced by M.H.A. Newman and F.C. Williams. Biographies of these two men are given, and their wartime work is examined in… (More)

- Mary Croarken
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 2003

- Mary Croarken
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 1992

The motivation behind the creation of the Cambridge University Mathematical Laboratory and its original terms of reference are described. The changes to the laboratory caused by World War II are discussed. The Cambridge Mathematical Laboratory was reestablished in 1945 under the directorship of M.V. Wilkes. The ways in which Wilkes developed the work of the… (More)

- Mary Croarken
- 1985

- Mary Croarken, Martin Campbell-Kelly
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 2000

tables were well established as one of the main computing tools in Europe in North America. A mathematical table gave precomputed values for a specified function over a range of arguments at regular intervals. Physicists, engineers, astronomers, surveyors, and navigators among others could use these values as part of a large, complex calculation, saving… (More)

- Mary Croarken
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 2001

Alvarez) says that the “story is as exciting as a spy novel.” The book does contain a considerable amount of technical information on codebreaking, which some readers may wish to reread after having finished the book. Further technical details are given in several appendices. There are 40 pages of notes, a two-page glossary, a 10-page bibliography, and a… (More)

- Mary Croarken, Nathan L. Ensmenger
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 1999

This Events and Sightings installment covers a range of recent events focusing on the history of computing. Akihiko Yamada recaps the 5th Commemoration: One Step on Electrotechnology (Look Back to the Future) of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ), held at the Hiroshima Institute of Technology on 22 March 2012 during the IEEJ annual… (More)

- Mary Croarken
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 2003

- Mary Croarken
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
- 1999

“It was almost as if I was playing some kind of gainc with the uirplane. I wauld make a gain change ;md then I would see how 1 could adapt to Lhat gain to make thc airplane bchave reasonably wcll. I was surprised lo [sec1 how well I could adapt.”’ Six more flights followed within llic next 10 days, with all tour pilols participating. Counting the first two… (More)