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Previous studies in schizophrenia samples suggest negative symptoms can be categorized as expressivity or experiential. This study examines the structure of the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) at two separate interviews in a first episode psychosis (FEP) sample. SANS structure was determined with principal components analysis in a(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological research has shown that hallucinations and delusions, the classic symptoms of psychosis, are far more prevalent in the population than actual psychotic disorder. These symptoms are especially prevalent in childhood and adolescence. Longitudinal research has demonstrated that psychotic symptoms in adolescence increase the risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Psychotic symptoms occur more frequently in the general population than psychotic disorder and index risk for psychopathology. Multiple studies have reported on the prevalence of these symptoms using self-report questionnaires or clinical interviews but there is a lack of consensus about the prevalence of psychotic symptoms among children and(More)
BACKGROUND The critical period hypothesis proposes that deterioration occurs aggressively during the early years of psychosis, with relative stability subsequently. Thus, interventions that shorten the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and arrest early deterioration may have long-term benefits. AIMS To test the critical period hypothesis by(More)
BACKGROUND There has been controversy as to whether early intervention in psychosis can improve the outcome of the disorder. AIMS To establish if there is an association between duration of untreated psychosis and the 4-year outcome of persons with a first episode of psychosis. METHOD Prospective naturalistic follow-up study of the outcome of(More)
While a great deal of research has been conducted on prodromal risk syndromes in relation to help-seeking individuals who present to the clinic, there is a lack of research on prodromal risk syndromes in the general population. The current study aimed first to establish whether prodromal risk syndromes could be detected in non-help-seeking community-based(More)
Many studies have confirmed that the risk of suicide is high in the period after first presentation. There is relatively little information about the risk of suicide using illness onset as the starting point. We assessed suicidality in a cohort of 166 individuals from an urban catchment area during the period of untreated psychosis and at 4 year follow up.(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the stability of a diagnosis of psychosis four years after the first-episode diagnosis. METHODS The study was a prospective four-year follow-up study (1995 to 1999) of 147 patients with schizophrenia, affective disorder, and other psychoses who presented with a first episode of psychosis in an(More)
Candida dubliniensis is a newly described species that is closely related phylogenetically to Candida albicans and that is commonly associated with oral candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients. Several recent studies have attempted to elucidate phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of use in separating the two species. However,(More)
This study aimed to identify the incidence and clinical correlates of aggression and violence in first episode psychosis. We prospectively recruited subjects with a first episode of DSM-psychosis presenting from a geographically defined catchment area to a secondary referral psychiatric service over a four-year period (n = 157). We used the Modified Overt(More)