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Within the vascular system, the mucin-type transmembrane glycoprotein T1alpha/podoplanin is predominantly expressed by lymphatic endothelium, and recent studies have shown that it is regulated by the lymphatic-specific homeobox gene Prox1. In this study, we examined the role of T1alpha/podoplanin in vascular development and the effects of gene disruption in(More)
A method has been developed for isolating alveolar type II cells by digesting lung tissue with elastase and "panning" the resultant cell suspension on plates coated with IgG. This method provides both high yield and purity of type II cells. In 50 experiments with rats, we obtained 35 +/- 11 X 10(6) cells/rat, 89 +/- 4% of which were type II cells (mean +/-(More)
T1 alpha is the first marker gene known to be expressed in the adult lung solely by the alveolar type I epithelial cell. Previous studies showed that T1 alpha transcripts are abundant in early rat embryos where they are found in the nervous system and in the foregut and certain of its derivatives including the primitive lung. By mid- to late gestation T1(More)
Alveolar type I epithelial cells form the major surface for gas exchange in the lung. To explore how type I cells differ in gene expression from their progenitor alveolar type II cells, we analyzed transcriptional regulation of T1alpha, a gene expressed by adult type I but not type II cells. In vivo developmental patterns of T1alpha expression in lung and(More)
Type II alveolar cells can be isolated and partially purified from adult rat lung by a series of steps that includes enzymatic digestion of the lung with trypsin and separation of cells on a discontinuous albumin density gradient. The yield of the isolated type II cells depends on the supplier and the housing of the rats used to prepare the cells. With(More)
When cultured on plastic culture dishes for several days, alveolar type II cells gradually lose both their morphologic and biochemical identifying characteristics. Although type II cells cultured on a matrix derived from corneal endothelial cells have previously been reported to retain lamellar bodies for 7-10 days in culture, the ability of type II cells(More)
The adsorptive properties of phospholipids of pulmonary surfactant are markedly influenced by the presence of three related proteins (26-38 KD, reduced) found in purified surfactant. Whether these proteins are pre-assembled with lipids before secretion is uncertain but would be expected for a lipoprotein secretion. We performed indirect immunocytochemistry(More)
We assessed the capacity of plastic-adherent cultured bone marrow cells to serve as precursors of differentiated parenchymal cells of the lung. By intravenously delivering lacZ-labeled cells into wild-type recipient mice after bleomycin-induced lung injury, we detected marrow-derived cells engrafted in recipient lung parenchyma as cells with the(More)
We used porcine pancreatic elastase to isolate type II cells from the lungs of rats; the yield and purity of the type II cells was better than that obtained by methods using trypsin. In 102 experiments we obtained 82 +/- 23 . 10(6) cells/rat, 68 +/- 11% (mean +/- S.D.) of which type II cells. This preparation of cells, when centrifuged over a discontinuous(More)
Alveolar type II epithelial cells are identified by the presence of characteristic lamellar inclusions visualized by transmission electron microscopy. We developed a tannic acid and polychrome stain that can visualize these intracellular inclusions in rat alveolar type II cells by light microscopy and that can be used for autoradiography. This method of(More)