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Although cocaine binds to several sites in the brain, the biochemical receptor mechanism or mechanisms associated with its dependence producing properties are unknown. It is shown here that the potencies of cocaine-like drugs in self-administration studies correlate with their potencies in inhibiting [3H]mazindol binding to the dopamine transporters in the(More)
A variety of evidence suggests a 'dopamine hypothesis' for the reinforcing properties of cocaine. This hypothesis proposes that cocaine binds at the dopamine transporter and mainly inhibits neurotransmitter re-uptake; the resulting potentiation of dopaminergic neurotransmission in mesolimbocortical pathways ultimately causes reinforcement. This model(More)
Amphetamine and cocaine, commonly abused psychostimulants, often produce similar physiologic and behavioral effects in both animals and humans. We have shown previously that the reinforcing effects of cocaine can be correlated with drug binding to the mazindol and GBR 12935 binding sites on the dopamine transporter. In an attempt to identify the receptors(More)
Structure-activity relationships for cocaine and analog binding at the dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin transporters were determined. Cocaine inhibition of ligand binding to each of these sites has a stereospecific requirement for the levorotatory isomer. Binding potencies of cocaine derivatives involving N-substitution, C2 and C3 substituent(More)
Cocaine use and abuse has increasingly been associated with toxic consequences such as seizures and death. This report describes an assessment of the relationship between these toxic effects and multiple cocaine binding sites in the brain. The results suggest that serotonin transporters may be associated with seizures induced by acute injections of cocaine(More)
The effects of the administration of serotonergic drugs on infusion rates of rats self-administering cocaine and amphetamine on an FR-10 schedule of reinforcement in daily 4 hour sessions were compared. Pretreatment with fluoxetine (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg), an inhibitor of serotonin reuptake, significantly decreased rates of responding maintained by(More)
The concurrent influence of multiple neurotransmitter systems in mediating cocaine-induced convulsions is predicted by the results of previous receptor binding studies. The present results demonstrate that pharmacological manipulations of these predicted neurotransmitter systems alters the occurrence of cocaine-induced convulsions. The 5-HT reuptake(More)
1. While cocaine binds to several known sites in the brain, the binding site or receptor associated with its reinforcing or addictive properties has not been identified as such. 2. The identification of the pharmacologically relevant receptor(s) requires that an association exist between the potency of a variety of cocaine of cocaine-related drugs in animal(More)
Cocaine and amphetamine produce several behavioral effects, most notably locomotor stimulation. Biochemically, evidence suggests specific involvement of dopaminergic systems, although not necessarily identical sites, in mediating cocaine- and amphetamine-induced locomotor stimulation. This study examined the effects of cocaine or amphetamine on locomotor(More)
(-)-Cocaine inhibits M2 muscarinic cholinergic binding measured with [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate in heart and brain with a Ki of 18.8 microM. The cyclic nucleotide 5'-guanylylimidodiphosphate does not shift the competition curve, suggesting that (-)-cocaine is an antagonist. (-)-Cocaine also reverses the methacholine-induced inhibition of guinea pig atrial(More)