Mary C. Gray

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Adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin from B. pertussis enters eukaryotic cells where it produces supraphysiologic levels of cAMP. Purification of AC toxin activity [(1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 19279] results in increasing potency of hemolytic activity and electroelution of the 216-kDa holotoxin yields a single protein with AC enzymatic, toxin and hemolytic(More)
Adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis requires posttranslational acylation of lysine 983 for the ability to deliver its catalytic domain to the target cell interior and produce cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cell-invasive activity) and to form transmembrane channels (hemolytic activity). When the toxin is expressed in Escherichia coli, it has(More)
Adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin from Bordetella pertussis is a 177-kDa repeats-in-toxin (RTX) family protein that consists of four principal domains; the catalytic domain, the hydrophobic domain, the glycine/aspartate-rich repeat domain, and the secretion signal domain. Epitope mapping of 12 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against AC toxin was conducted(More)
In these studies, the Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin homology to the Escherichia coli hemolysin is extended with the finding of cyaC, a homolog to the E. coli hlyC gene, which is required for the production of a functional hemolysin molecule in E. coli. Mutations produced in the chromosome of B. pertussis upstream from the structural(More)
Adenylate cyclase toxin (AC toxin) from Bordetella pertussis enters target cells to produce supraphysiologic levels of cAMP and, by a cAMP-independent process, is hemolytic. In the present study, we show for the first time that this toxin also produces ion-permeable, cation-selective pores in phospholipid bilayers. The resulting membrane conductance is(More)
Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin is a calmodulin-activated adenylate cyclase enzyme which has the capacity to enter eukaryotic target cells and catalyze the conversion of endogenous ATP into cyclic AMP. In this work, the AC holotoxin molecule is identified and isolated. It is a single polypeptide of apparent 216 kDa as determined by sodium(More)
The cytotoxic effect of adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin from Bordetella pertussis on host cells has been attributed to the production of supraphysiologic levels of cyclic AMP by the toxin. We have tested this hypothesis and show that at least two different mechanisms, cAMP accumulation/ATP depletion and oligomerization/pore formation, contribute, perhaps(More)
A previous study showed that opsonization with human immune serum could either promote or antagonize phagocytosis of Bordetella pertussis by human neutrophils depending on whether the bacteria expressed adenylate cyclase toxin. Opsonization of the wild-type strain inhibited phagocytosis relative to unopsonized controls. In contrast, mutants lacking(More)
Adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin from Bordetella pertussis is unusual in that, unlike most other members of the repeats-in-toxin family that are released into the extracellular milieu, it remains associated with the bacterial surface. In this study, we investigated the nature of the association of this toxin with the surface of B. pertussis. AC toxin was(More)
Adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin from Bordetella pertussis delivers its catalytic domain to the interior of target cells where it converts host ATP to cAMP in a process referred to as intoxication. This toxin also hemolyzes sheep erythrocytes by a mechanism presumed to include pore formation and osmotic lysis. Intoxication and hemolysis appear at strikingly(More)