Mary C. Gannon

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To determine whether methylmercury (MeHg) has the potential to interfere with homeostatic functions in neonatal rat cortical primary astrocyte cultures, the effects of MeHg on the uptake and efflux of both L-glutamate and D-aspartate were examined. Uptake of both of these excitatory amino acids (EAAs) was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in the presence of(More)
Studies were undertaken to assess the effects of trimethyl tin (TMT) on metabolic functions in primary neonatal rat cultured astrocytes. Concentrations as low as 10(-5) M TMT significantly inhibited the initial rate (1 min) of uptake of 86RbCl, used as a tracer for K+. TMT also markedly inhibited the initial rate (1 min) of Na(+)-dependent uptake of(More)
There has been interest in the effect of various types and amounts of dietary carbohydrates and proteins on blood glucose. On the basis of our previous data, we designed a high-protein/low-carbohydrate, weight-maintaining , nonketogenic diet. Its effect on glucose control in people with untreated type 2 diabetes was determined. We refer to this as a(More)
The brain noradrenergic system supplies the neurotransmitter norepinephrine throughout the brain via widespread efferent projections, and plays a pivotal role in modulating cognitive activities in the cortex. Profound noradrenergic degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients has been observed for decades, with recent research suggesting that the locus(More)
Accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ) peptides in the brain is the key pathogenic factor driving Alzheimer's disease (AD). Endocytic sorting of amyloid precursor protein (APP) mediated by the vacuolar protein sorting (Vps10) family of receptors plays a decisive role in controlling the outcome of APP proteolytic processing and Aβ generation. Here we report for the(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past several years our research group has taken a systematic, comprehensive approach to determining the effects on body function (hormonal and non-hormonal) of varying the amounts and types of proteins, carbohydrates and fats in the diet. We have been particularly interested in the dietary management of type 2 diabetes. Our objective has(More)
BACKGROUND We previously determined that a weight-maintenance, non-ketogenic diet containing 30% carbohydrate (CHO), 30% protein, 40% fat, (30:30:40) (LoBAG30) decreased glycated hemoglobin (%tGHb) from 10.8 to 9.1% over a 5 week period in subjects with untreated type 2 diabetes. Both the fasting glucose and postprandial glucose area were decreased. Our(More)
Most individual amino acids stimulate insulin secretion and attenuate the plasma glucose response when ingested with glucose. We determined whether ingestion of two amino acids simultaneously with glucose would result in an additive effect on the glucose area response compared with ingestion of amino acids individually. Leucine and phenylalanine were chosen(More)