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The objective of the present study was to characterize the innate immune responses induced by in vitro stimulation of bovine primary mammary epithelial cells (bMEC) using gram-negative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and gram-positive lipoteichoic acid (LTA) bacterial cell wall components. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was employed to examine the mRNA(More)
The recent European Union ban on the prophylactic use of in-feed antibiotics has escalated the search for alternatives for use within the poultry industry. When evaluating the efficacy of potential antibiotic alternatives on bird health and productivity, it is important to analyze the competence of the immune cells in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue(More)
DNA vectors can be used to deliver vaccine antigens that stimulate effective protective immunity in mice, but in larger, outbred animal species, the protective efficacy is lower or large doses of DNA are required. These data demonstrate that porcine interleukin-3 (IL-3) when delivered to pigs by DNA vector or in low doses as recombinant protein, can enhance(More)
Starting in the 1890s the artist Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) created a series of prints and transfer drawings using techniques that are not entirely understood. To better understand the artist's production methods, photometric stereo was used to assess the surface shape of a number of these graphic works that are now in the collection of the Art Institute of(More)
Interferons (IFN) provide a critical first line of defense against viral infection in vertebrates. Moreover, IFN-lambda, a recently identified group of mammalian IFN, has demonstrated antiviral potential in the treatment of mammalian viruses. With the growing concern over such diseases as avian influenza (AI), there is a pressing need for new antiviral(More)
Increasing resistance to anthelmintic drugs indicates a vital need to develop alternative strategies to control helminth infections. Interleukin-3 (IL-3) is a multilineage hematopoietic growth regulator produced by activated T lymphocytes in response to infection. In helminth infections, eosinophils play an important role in the elimination of parasites(More)
This paper introduces a fuzzy logic approach to classifying the physical activity levels of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Obesity is one of the risk factors of OSA, and the strong link between physical activity levels and obesity suggests that a method of assessing the physical activity levels of OSA patients is critical. We studied various(More)
OBJECTIVES The isolation of porcine hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) would be an important step toward development of porcine-to-human chimerism for induction of tolerance in clinical xenotransplantation. CD34 is a common marker of HSC and has not been developed as a marker in pigs. In this study we have generated and characterized a monoclonal antibody (mAb)(More)
Escherichia coli infection of the respiratory system in chickens occurs as a sequel to a variety of environmental stressors or microbial infections, culminating as chronic respiratory disease (CRD) syndrome or colibacillosis. These diseases cause significant production losses in poultry. With the growing concerns about the use of antibiotics in animal(More)
Self"control is defined in relation to current goals of an organism. Working memory capacity (WMC) is defined as a cognitive system for maintaining access to goal representations as needed. Self-control depends on cognitive control, which depends in large part on WMC. We discuss the proposal that WMC reflects the abilities to control attention and to(More)
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