Mary Beth Gaskill

Learn More
BACKGROUND Copeptin, the C-terminal moiety of provasopressin, is cosecreted with vasopressin. Copeptin may be a useful parameter to characterize disorders of water homeostasis and can be readily measured in plasma or serum. However, it is unknown to date how circulating copeptin and vasopressin levels correlate at different plasma osmolalites. OBJECTIVE(More)
Changes in osmoregulation during normal menstrual cycle were examined in 15 healthy women. In 10 women, studied repetitively during two consecutive menstrual cycles, basal plasma osmolality, sodium, and urea decreased by 4 mosmol/kg, 2 meq/l, and 0.5 mM, respectively (all P less than 0.02) from the follicular to luteal phase. Plasma vasopressin, protein,(More)
Vasopressin secretion was studied in a group of 18 patients with polydipsia (urine volume greater than 21/24 h) in whom nephrogenic diabetes insipidus had been excluded. Osmoregulation of vasopressin release was defined by hypertonic saline infusion, and three independent non-osmotic tests of vasopressin release were also applied. A wide spectrum of(More)
We studied the pathophysiology, natural history, and genetic basis of familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI) in a caucasian kindred. Twelve members had polyuria and a deficiency of plasma vasopressin (AVP), which progressed in severity over time. Another had normal urine volumes and plasma AVP when first tested at age 3 yr, but developed severe(More)
Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) in children is partly the result of inadequate reduction in the rate of urine output at night. This nocturnal polyuria is due to the lack of a rise in the anti-diuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP), and can be reduced or eliminated by treatment with desmopressin at bedtime. Since there is a 1% incidence of MNE(More)
To determine the effect of sustained hypovolemia on vasopressin secretion, we studied rats after 1-32 h of diuretic therapy. We found that an injection of furosemide (10 mg/kg) produced a transient marked increase in urine output, a moderate 7-10% reduction in blood volume, and a three- to fourfold rise in plasma vasopressin from 1.6 +/- 0.2 to 5.6 +/- 1.0(More)
OBJECTIVE To test further the hypothesis that autosomal dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) is caused by heterozygous mutations in the vasopressin-neurophysin II (AVP-NPII) gene that exert a dominant negative effect by producing a precursor that misfolds, accumulates and eventually destroys the neurosecretory neurons. METHODS(More)
Autosomal-dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) is caused by heterozygous mutations in the gene encoding vasopressin-neurophysin II (AVP-NPII) on chromosome 20p13. We analyzed the AVP-NP II gene in a family with adFNDI by direct sequencing. A novel C to T transition (289C-->T in the cDNA, resulting in the substitution of Arg 97 by(More)
Subcutaneous injection of the potent, nonselective opioid antagonist diprenorphine inhibits the vasopressin response to acute hypovolemia. To determine if this inhibition is due to antagonism of opioid receptors in brain pathways that mediate volume control, we determined the vasopressin response to different stimuli when diprenorphine or other opiates were(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine whether antibodies to vasopressin play a role in the development of diabetes insipidus or interfere with diagnosis and treatment. DESIGN Random plasma or serum samples for determining of antibodies to vasopressin were collected from patients and controls. SETTING Referral university hospital with most patients studied in the(More)