Mary Beth Dail

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OBJECTIVE Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is synthesized in the liver and is bound to high-density lipoprotein particles in blood. PON1 protects against the development of atherosclerosis by metabolizing proatherogenic-oxidized lipids. The Southeastern USA (excluding Florida) has the country's highest age-adjusted mortality rate of cardiovascular disease. This study(More)
The gene (crc) responsible for catabolite repression control in Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been cloned and sequenced. Flanking the crc gene are genes encoding orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (pyrE) and RNase PH (rph). New crc mutants were constructed by disruption of the wild-type crc gene. The crc gene encodes an open reading frame of 259 amino acids(More)
In August and November 2010 we collected and examined peripheral blood and tissues from three species of Gulf of Mexico fish. Findings were compared to non-exposed control fish. The leukocyte counts of exposed alligator gar were not significantly different from controls, while exposed Gulf killifish and sea trout had significantly decreased lymphocyte(More)
Traditionally, the liver has been considered a homogeneous organ, but literature suggests that the cytochromes P450 are differentially distributed among the hepatocytes and that the pattern of this distribution is altered by various xenobiotics. In this study, the CYP2B1/2 messenger RNA (mRNA) in the hepatocytes was compared following treatment of rats with(More)
A global proteomics approach was applied to model the hepatic response elicited by the toxicologically well-characterized xenobiotic phenobarbital (PB), a prototypical inducer of hepatic xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and a well-known nongenotoxic liver carcinogen in rats. Differential detergent fractionation two-dimensional liquid chromatography(More)
Paraoxonase (PON1) is a calcium dependent enzyme that is capable of hydrolyzing organophosphate anticholinesterases. PON1 activity is present in most mammals and previous research established that PON1 activity differs depending on the species. These studies mainly used the organophosphate substrate paraoxon, the active metabolite of the insecticide(More)
The organophosphorus insecticide chlorpyrifos has been widely used. Its active metabolite chlorpyrifos-oxon (CPO) is a potent anticholinesterase and is detoxified by paraoxonase 1 (PON1). PON1 activity is influenced by numerous factors including a Q192R polymorphism. Using forty human blood samples bearing homozygous genotypes and either high or low(More)
Paraoxonase (PON1) hydrolyzes paraoxon (PO) and diazoxon (DZO), active metabolites of insecticides parathion and diazinon. The PON1 gene has single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including a codon 192 arginine (R) to glutamine (Q) and methionine (M) to leucine (L) at codon 55. Hydrolysis of PO (POase), DZO (DZOase), dihydrocoumarin (lactonase), and phenyl(More)
Organochlorine compounds (OC), such as the legacy insecticides, were widespread environmental contaminants. OC including dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), a metabolite of the insecticide DDT, have an epidemiological association with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and may play a role in risk factors that contribute to T2D such as dyslipidemia. The(More)
The legacy organochlorine insecticide, dieldrin, is still found in soil and accumulation in individuals is possible. Paraoxonase 1 hydrolyzes the oxon metabolites of organophosphorus insecticides, as well as other substrates. Putative binding sites for pregnane X receptor (PXR) exist in the paraoxonase promoter, and studies have indicated that dieldrin can(More)
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