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Standing balance and dynamic weight shifting were evaluated in 10 subjects with hemiplegia using a sensory organization balance test (SOT) and the Fugl-Meyer sensorimotor assessment (FMSA). The SOT is a timed balance test that evaluates somatosensory, visual, and vestibular function for maintenance of upright posture. In contrast, the FMSA is a functional(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective, multicenter research design. OBJECTIVES To assess functional and health status outcomes in patients following a physical therapy program after rotator cuff repair surgery, and to determine the impact of selected patient medical comorbidities on rehabilitation outcomes. BACKGROUND While authors have studied the influence of(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of prior instruction on automatic postural responses and voluntary postural sways measured about the ankle joint. Ten subjects with right hemiplegia resulting from a cerebrovascular accident (mean age = 56 +/- 14 years) and 5 healthy subjects (mean age = 47 +/- 6 years) stood symmetrically on a movable(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns of postural adjustments during induced body sway in healthy subjects and hemiplegic patients. Electromyograms were taken with surface electrodes from four lower extremity muscles that control ankle, knee, and hip motions. During postural adjustments in 10 healthy subjects, the ankle muscle and the(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess balance, dynamic gait, and dynamic visual acuity outcomes after a vestibular and balance rehabilitation program and to determine which variables were significantly associated with improved balance and ambulation. DESIGN Retrospective case series. SETTING Outpatient setting at a tertiary care facility. PARTICIPANTS Twenty patients(More)
Standing balance was evaluated in ten subjects with hemiplegia using a sensory organization balance test (SOT). The SOT is a timed balance test which evaluates somatosensory, visual, and vestibular function for maintenance of upright posture. The duration of bilateral stance was assessed using combinations of three visual and two support surface conditions.(More)
The onset latency and discharge amplitude of preprogrammed postural responses were evaluated in order to determine if the structure of synergistic activation could be altered by ligamentous laxity at the knee joint. Twelve subjects with unilateral and one subject with bilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency were tested while standing on a(More)
The symmetry and adaptability of long latency stretch responses was studied in a group of 4 adult hemiplegics and 5 normals of similar age. Subjects stood on a moveable platform which directly rotated the ankles unexpectedly during a series of horizontal anterioposterior (AP) translations. When the platform was rotated toes-up, long latency discharge of(More)
Peripheral sensory modulation of balance behavior may require a "calibrated" mechanism which would maintain upright standing by a feedback control of torque at the ankle joint. The calibration of human balance was studied using a systematic presentation of perturbation excursions and velocities in normal freely standing subjects. All perturbations(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The utility of patient self-administered health history questionnaires has been extensively studied in physician practice settings, but little such research has been done in populations germane to physical therapist practice. The purpose of this study was to document the accuracy of a self-administered questionnaire for collecting(More)