Mary Appleton

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The toxicity of 3-methylindole (3 MI), a selective pneumotoxin, is dependent upon cytochrome P450-mediated bioactivation 3. Using vaccinia-expressed P450 enzymes, the metabolites of radiolabeled 3 MI produced by 14 individual P450s were identified and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography. Indole-3-carbinol was produced from incubations of 3(More)
CMAJ © 2010 Canadian Medical Association or its licensors 1 Injections for vaccinations, the most common source of iatrogenic pain in childhood, are administered at mul tiple times to almost all Canadian children throughout infancy, childhood and adolescence. The pain associated with such injections is a source of distress for children, their parents and(More)
Isolated rabbit Clara cells and a transformed human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS-2B, were used to investigate the mechanism of cytotoxicity of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDD), a persistent insecticide and stable metabolite of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2- bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane. Both BEAS-2B cells and rabbit Clara cells were highly(More)
Goats were jugularly infused with the pneumotoxin 3-methylindole (3MI; 15 mg/kg, 0.5 microCi/kg) dissolved in cremophor-EL to characterize the urinary metabolites of 3MI in a ruminant specie. Urine was collected for 36 hr after the beginning of a 2-hr infusion period, and 3MI metabolites were purified using reversed-phase HPLC. Goats excreted 3MI as at(More)
1. Urine from goats dosed i.v. with 3-methylindole (3MI; 15 mg/kg) or [methyl-14C] 3MI (15 mg/kg, 0.5 microCi/kg) contained at least 11 metabolites of 3MI. 2. Goat metabolized 3MI to sulfate conjugates of 4- or 7-hydroxy-3-methyloxindole, 5- or 6-hydroxy-3-methyloxindole, and 3,5- or 6-dihydroxy-3-methyloxindole; glucuronic acid conjugates of(More)
Bioactivation of the pneumotoxin 3-methylindole (3MI) to a methylene imine intermediate has been demonstrated previously by trapping the electrophile with glutathione in goat lung microsomal incubations. To determine whether the same bioactivation process occurs in whole animals, 3MI was administered to goats, mice, and rats, and the urinary metabolites(More)
Despite significant efforts by governments, organizations and individuals to maintain public trust in vaccines, concerns persist and threaten to undermine the effectiveness of immunization programs. Vaccine advocates have traditionally focused on education based on evidence to address vaccine concerns and hesitancy. However, being informed of the facts(More)