Mary Ann Stark

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The purpose of this study was to explore demographic factors related to women's prenatal preferences for using an epidural during labor. Women recruited from prenatal classes provided data for this descriptive correlational study. Women with the most education, income, and parity indicated greatest preference for epidural analgesia. Thus, these women may be(More)
Although breastfeeding is known to be beneficial to both mother and infant, many women encounter barriers to breastfeeding, even after successful breastfeeding initiation, which may put them at greater risk for early cessation of breastfeeding. The objectives of this study were to conduct a secondary analysis of data from a longitudinal study of postpartum(More)
Promoting attentional health is an important opportunity to support and empower women to actively participate in their own health care and function effectively in multiple roles. Attention, the ability to focus or concentrate, is a necessary cognitive resource used throughout the life span in participating in self-health care. However, women can(More)
Therapeutic showering is a nonpharmacologic comfort measure used during labor but is not tested empirically. The purpose of this article was to report the systematic development of therapeutic showering during labor using best available evidence so that nurses in practice and research can further test and refine this nursing intervention.
Euthanasia is, and probably will remain a controversial issue. Although many doctors will agree that under certain circumstances a demand for euthanasia should be granted (and in fact often is granted when the occasion arises), the subject generally gives rise to very emotional debates. Attempts to decriminalize euthanasia generally fail, and this contrasts(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe and describe the positions and movements women choose while immersed in water during the first stage of labor. DESIGN Descriptive, observational pilot study. SETTING A rural community hospital that provided hydrotherapy in labor. PARTICIPANTS Women (N = 7) who intended to use hydrotherapy in labor were recruited prenatally from a(More)
While learning to care for others, undergraduate nursing students often fail to care for themselves. This study examined the effect of a self-care intervention on undergraduate nursing students. Self-care is the practice of health-related activities in which individuals engage to adopt a healthier lifestyle. A pretest-posttest, single group design was used(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine nurses' perceived barriers to the use of hydrotherapy in labor. While effective in relieving pain, reducing anxiety, encouraging relaxation, and promoting a sense of control, hydrotherapy is rarely used during labor. DESIGN Comparative descriptive survey design. SETTING A national convention and perinatal listserves. (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the ability to direct attention in women having a high-risk pregnancy with those having an uncomplicated pregnancy. DESIGN Descriptive comparative. SETTING A tertiary-care hospital. PARTICIPANTS Women in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy receiving care from perinatologists were recruited for this study and comprised the high-risk(More)