Mary Ann Sells

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The hepatoblastoma cell line Hep G2 was transfected with a plasmid carrying the gene that confers resistance to G418 and four 5'-3' tandem copies of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome positioned such that two dimers of the genomic DNA are 3'-3' with respect to one another. Cells of one clone that grew in the presence of G418 produce high levels of hepatitis(More)
BACKGROUND The Rho family GTPases Cdc42, Rac1 and RhoA regulate the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton induced by extracellular signals such as growth factors. In mammalian cells, Cdc42 regulates the formation of filopodia, whereas Rac regulates lamellipodia formation and membrane ruffling, and RhoA regulates the formation of stress fibers. Recently,(More)
The stress-activated p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase defines a subgroup of the mammalian MAP kinases that appear to play a key role in regulating inflammatory responses. Co-expression of constitutively active forms of Rac and Cdc42 leads to activation of p38 while dominant negative Rac and Cdc42 inhibit the ability of interleukin-1 to increase(More)
The p21 (Cdc42/Rac) activated kinase Pak1 regulates cell morphology and polarity in most, if not all, eukaryotic cells. We and others have established that Pak's effects on these parameters are mediated by changes in the organization of cortical actin. Because cell motility requires polarized rearrangements of the actin/myosin cytoskeleton, we examined the(More)
The p21-activated kinases (PAKs) link G protein-coupled receptors and growth factor receptors (S. Dharmawardhane, R. H. Daniels, and G. M. Bokoch, submitted for publication) to activation of MAP kinase cascades and to cytoskeletal reorganization (M. A. Sells, U. G. Knaus, D. Ambrose, S. Bagrodia, G. M. Bokoch, and J. Chernoff, submitted for publication).(More)
The process of macropinocytosis is an essential aspect of normal cell function, contributing to both growth and motile processes of cells. p21-activated kinases (PAKs) are targets for activated Rac and Cdc42 guanosine 5'-triphosphatases and have been shown to regulate the actin-myosin cytoskeleton. In fibroblasts PAK1 localizes to areas of membrane(More)
Bad is a critical regulatory component of the intrinsic cell death machinery that exerts its death-promoting effect upon heterodimerization with the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L). Growth factors promote cell survival through phosphorylation of Bad, resulting in its dissociation from Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L) and its association with 14-3-3tau. Survival(More)
Clonal cells derived from HepG2 cells transfected with a plasmid containing hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA secrete hepatitis B surface antigen particles, nucleocapsids, and virions (M. A. Sells, M.-L. Chen, and G. Acs, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84:1005-1009, 1987) which elicit acute hepatitis in chimpanzees (G. Acs, M. A. Sells, R. H. Purcell, P. Price, R.(More)
The p21-activated protein kinases (PAKs) are members of a growing family of regulatory enzymes that may play roles in diverse phenomena such as cellular morphogenesis, the stress response and the pathogenesis of AIDS. PAKs were initially discovered as binding partners for small (21 kDa) GTPases that regulate actin polymerization, and recent evidence has(More)
p21-activated kinases (Paks) are effectors of the small GTPases Cdc42 and Rac, and are thought to mediate some of the cytoskeletal and transcriptional activities of these proteins. To localize activated Pak1 in cells, we developed an antibody directed against a phosphopeptide that is contained within the activation loop of Pak1. This antibody specifically(More)