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There are key differences between the amino acid residues of the RGD loops and the C termini of echistatin, a potent antagonist of alpha(IIb)beta(3), alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(5)beta(1), and eristostatin, a similar disintegrin selectively inhibiting alpha(IIb)beta(3). In order to identify echistatin motifs required for selective recognition of(More)
Echistatin is a viper venom disintegrin containing RGD loop maintained by disulfide bridges. It binds with a high affinity to alpha(v) beta3 and alphaIIb beta3 and it induces extensive conformational changes in these integrins resulting in expression of ligand-induced binding site (LIBS) epitopes. We investigated the activities of echistatin and its three(More)
Echistatin and eristostatin are structurally homologous distintegrins which exhibit significant functional differences in interaction with various integrins. We hypothesized that this may reflect differences in the sequences of their RGD loops: 20CKRARGDDMDDYC32 AND 23CRVARGDWNDDYC35, respectively. Mapping of eristostatin peptides obtained by proteolytic(More)
Viper venom disintegrins contain the RGD/KGD motif. They inhibit platelet aggregation and cell adhesion, but show structural and functional heterogeneity. We investigated the interaction of four prototypic disintegrins with alpha IIb beta 3 expressed on the surface of resting and activated platelets. The binding affinity (Kd) of 125I-albolabrin,(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that high-affinity binding of macromolecular ligands to the alphaIIbbeta3 integrin is tightly coupled to binding-site remodeling, an induced-fit process that shifts a conformational equilibrium from a resting toward an open receptor. Interactions between alphaIIbbeta3 and two model ligands-echistatin, a 6-kDa recombinant(More)
Disintegrins represent a family of low-molecular weight, cysteine-rich, RGD-containing peptides that inhibit fibrinogen binding to glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex as well as binding of other ligands to RGD-dependent integrins on the surface of other cells. Disintegrins occur in the venom of various vipers. Disintegrin domains have been identified in viper(More)
Naturally-occurring fibrinogen receptor antagonists and platelet aggregation inhibitors that are found in snake venom (disintegrins) and leeches share many common features, including an RGD sequence, high cysteine content, and low molecular weight. There are, however, significant selectivity and potency differences. We compared the effect of three proteins(More)
Disintegrins, a family of low molecular weight, RGD-containing peptides found in snake venoms prevent the binding of adhesive ligands to a number of integrin receptors. Albolabrin, bitistatin, echistatin, and eristostatin bind to the platelet fibrinogen receptor (GPIIb/IIIa) acting thus as potent inhibitors of platelet aggregation. Here, we have determined(More)
The term "disintegrin" was first used in 1990 to describe a group of viper venom-derived, nonenzymatic small proteins that shared numerous structural and functional properties. These proteins, which have been found in a great number of viper species studied since that time possess both a remarkable sequence homology and an equally notable variability in(More)
The inhibitory capacities of six different disintegrins and one related neurotoxin analogue for the binding of RGD-dependent integrins to either fibrinogen, vitronectin or fibronectin were compared in solid phase assays. Echistatin and flavoridin were the most active inhibitors for alpha V beta 3 and alpha 5 beta 1 integrins and moderately exceeded the(More)