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Lesions of heterotopic ossification were excised from thirty-seven joints in twenty-three adults who had had injuries to the brain. The lesions were excised from twenty-three elbows, twelve hips, and two shoulders. Patients were retrospectively divided into five categories according to the neural residua (cognitive and physical deficits). The patients in(More)
Thirty adults (17 male and 13 female patients) with spastic disorders were treated by hamstring releases of 46 extremities. The diagnoses were stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and anoxia. The mean age at surgery was 38.6 years. Three extremities had partial release of the hamstring tendons behind the knee; the(More)
The field of orthopedics has a limited ability to recruit high-quality female applicants. The purpose of this study was to determine whether early exposure to the field affects a woman's decision to pursue orthopedics. We performed a prospective, nonrandomized cohort study between academic years 2005 and 2009 and compared interest in orthopedic surgery(More)
Ninety consecutive patients with hemiplegic involvement following a single cerebrovascular accident were studied to assess the relative importance of factors affecting balance and ambulation. Only 50% of the patients achieved a community level of ambulation. Intact balance reactions correlated strongly with the ability to walk (r = 0.79). Balance was found(More)
To investigate the cause of valgus deformity of the hindfoot in patients who have rheumatoid arthritis and to characterize the effects of the deformity on gait, two groups of patients were evaluated clinically, radiographically, and with gait analysis in the laboratory. Group 1 consisted of seven patients who had seropositive rheumatoid arthritis and normal(More)
Fifty adult patients who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) were screened for the presence of a peripheral nerve injury (PNI). All suspected patients had diagnostic electromyography performed in order to confirm the clinical findings. The incidence of PNI with TBI was 34%. A variety of nerve injuries were seen, the most frequent of which were ulnar(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of exercise and lifestyle modification therapy in treating shoulder symptoms in polio survivors with lower-extremity weakness. DESIGN A randomized parallel group study. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-three subjects recruited from a cohort of 194 polio survivors who had participated in a previous(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the logic behind instrumented gait analysis, its specific contribution to clinical and surgical decision making is not well known. Our purpose in this study was to determine the influence of gait analysis with dynamic electromyography upon surgical planning in patients with upper motor neuron syndrome and gait dysfunction. METHODS Two(More)
Ten patients with spastic wrist flexion deformities secondary to traumatic brain injury were evaluated for carpal tunnel syndrome. The angle of wrist flexion deformity averaged 75 degrees (range, 58 to 115 degrees). Nerve conduction studies demonstrated prolonged median motor and/or sensory latencies in all patients. Preoperative wick catheter measurements(More)
BACKGROUND Heterotopic ossification (HO) of the elbow can occur following direct trauma, brain injury, or burns. Development of elbow HO is sporadic, making levels 1-3 clinical evidence difficult to establish. We systematically reviewed literature regarding management and outcomes of surgically treated elbow HO. METHODS A systematic review of the(More)