Mary Ann Cheng

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CONTEXT The Term Breech Trial found a significant reduction in adverse perinatal outcomes without an increased risk of immediate maternal morbidity with planned cesarean delivery compared with planned vaginal birth. No randomized controlled trial of planned cesarean delivery has measured benefits and risks of postpartum outcomes months after the birth. (More)
OBJECTIVE To survey a large number of neurosurgical spine surgeons for data regarding the presence of risk factors in patients experiencing visual loss after spine surgery. METHODS A survey was sent to current members (as of 1997) of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Section on Disorders of the Spine and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to compare maternal outcomes at 2 years postpartum after planned cesarean section and planned vaginal birth for the singleton fetus in breech presentation at term. STUDY DESIGN In selected centers in the Term Breech Trial, mothers completed a structured questionnaire at 2 or more years postpartum to determine their(More)
BACKGROUND Ocular perfusion pressure is commonly defined as mean arterial pressure minus intraocular pressure (IOP). Changes in mean arterial pressure or IOP can affect ocular perfusion pressure. IOP has not been studied in this context in the prone anesthetized patient. METHODS After institutional human studies committee approval and informed consent, 20(More)
Indications for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) have been expanded recently, and a consensus statement has been made regarding these changes. However, the debate regarding the "ideal" anesthetic for CEA remains on-going. This study was designed to evaluate the actual anesthetic techniques used by anesthesiologists for CEA. A total of 426 1-page questionnaires(More)
Blood temperature at the jugular bulb was monitored in 10 patients undergoing neurovascular procedures that used induced mild hypothermia, and its correlation with surface brain, core, and peripheral temperatures was determined. The study was motivated by the difficulty encountered in directly measuring global brain temperature and the poor correlations(More)
Hypothermia for cerebral protection is usually achieved by administration of intravenous fluids at room temperature, cooling ambient air, ice packs, and a temperature-adjustable circulating water mattress. We compared cooling by conduction by using a water mattress to cool by convection by using a forced-air cooling device. Twenty patients were(More)
OBJECT The authors' goal was to determine whether the incidence of postoperative sore throat, hoarseness, and dysphagia associated with anterior spine surgery is reduced by maintaining endotracheal tube cuff pressure (ETCP) at 20 mm Hg during the period of neck retraction. METHODS Fifty-one patients scheduled for anterior cervical spine surgery were(More)
Clonidine decreases central sympathetic activity and anesthetic requirement. We tested whether clonidine improves outcome from incomplete ischemia of the brain in rats. Control rats were anesthetized with 25 micrograms.kg-1.h-1 of intravenous fentanyl and inhalation of 70% nitrous oxide (N2O). Clonidine-treated rats received fentanyl/N2O and 10(More)
This paper presents the sample return mission to a primitive Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA) MarcoPolo-R proposed to the European Space Agency in December 2010. MarcoPolo-R was selected in February 2011 with three other missions addressing different science objectives for the two-year Assessment Phase of the Medium-Class mission competition of the Cosmic Vision 2(More)