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Sucrose gradients have been widely used to study the translational activity of mRNA species in meiotic and haploid spermatogenic cells in mammals. Unfortunately, the results of these studies have been very inconsistent. The purpose of the present study was to obtain accurate and reproducible measurements of the translational activity of a large number of(More)
Bloom syndrome (BS) is characterized by genomic instability and cancer susceptibility caused by defects in BLM, a DNA helicase of the RecQ-family (J. German and N. A. Ellis, The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer, pp. 301-316, 1998). RecQ helicases and topoisomerase III proteins interact physically and functionally in yeast (S. Gangloff et al., Mol. Cell. Biol.,(More)
Y-box proteins bind DNA and RNA and are characterized by a cold shock domain and a carboxyl-terminus containing clusters of aromatic and basic residues that alternate with clusters of acidic residues. Y-box proteins 1 and 3 in mouse testis were cloned here by 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) using a degenerate primer. Northern blots and reverse(More)
Two protein isoforms of histone macroH2A1 (mH2A1) are found in mammalian cells. One isoform, mH2A1.2 is highly concentrated on the heterochromatinized inactive X chromosome (Xi) of female cells. mH2A1.2 protein is also present in male cells, but fails to form dense concentrations. Another protein isoform, mH2A1.1, differs from mH2A1.2 by a single short(More)
The present investigation was undertaken to examine whether maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and anaerobic threshold (AT) measured during incremental treadmill exercise would be affected by the exercise protocol in trained and untrained individuals. Fifteen untrained men, 10 untrained women, and 12 trained individuals participated in this study. The Astrand,(More)
Half of trauma deaths are attributable to hypovolemic circulatory collapse (HCC). We established a model of HCC in rats involving minor trauma plus severe hemorrhagic shock (HS). HCC in this model was accompanied by a 50% reduction in peak acceleration of aortic blood flow and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. HCC and apoptosis increased with increasing duration of(More)
Trauma complicated by hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States for individuals under the age of 44 years. Initial survivors are susceptible to developing multiple organ failure (MOF), which is thought to be caused, at least in part, by excessive or maladaptive activation of inflammatory pathways. We(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a flexible magnet on hand grip and thumb-forefinger pinch strength. Flexible magnet use has become popular in sports medicine and rehabilitation for a number of reasons, including augmenting muscle force output. Thirty-five university students (18 men and 17 women) volunteered for this study. Each(More)
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