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To identify inducible protein kinases localized exclusively in the nucleus, nuclear and cytosolic extracts were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and electroblotted to an Immobilon-P membranes were incubated in phosphorylation buffer containing [gamma-32P]ATP. Autoradiographs of the membranes revealed an 85-kDa(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD), or apoptosis, is characterized by several morphologic alterations and eventual cleavage of nuclear DNA into oligonucleo-some-length fragments. We defined a human B cell line, Ramos, that responds with PCD following ligation of surface IgM. Of the DNA in Ramos cells 3%-10% was fragmented as early as 4 h after IgM ligation.(More)
CD20 is an antigen expressed on normal and malignant human B cells that is thought to function as a receptor during B cell activation. Here we report the isolation of a CD20-specific cDNA clone from a lambda gt11 library using a polyclonal antiserum raised against purified CD20 antigen. Additional cDNA clones were then isolated from a lambda gt10 library.(More)
The antigen receptor molecules on human T lymphocytes are noncovalently associated on the cell surface with the CD3 (T3) molecular complex. Perturbation of this complex with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies induces T cell activation. Previous studies have demonstrated that this process requires the participation of monocytes. In the present report, we(More)
Regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation is a critical element in controlling growth and differentiation in higher eukaryotes. We have determined that the protozoan Trypanosoma brucei, which diverged early in the eukaryotic lineage, possesses multiple proteins which react with a specific anti-phosphotyrosine antiserum. Anti-phosphotyrosine immunoprecipitates(More)
Human lymphocyte methionine adenosyltransferase (HuLy MAT) consists of heterologous subunits alpha and beta. The cDNA sequence of the alpha subunit of HuLy MAT from Jurkat leukemic T cells was identical to that of the human kidney alpha subunit and highly homologous to the sequence of the extrahepatic MAT from other sources. The 3'-untranslated sequence was(More)
The monoclonal antibody 1F5 recognizes human B-cell surface protein CD20 and can activate resting B cells; with this antibody we found CD20 to be a 35/37-kDa non-disulfide-linked protein. The protein has a pI of 7.5-8.0 and is phosphorylated in B-cell lines, tonsillar B cells, and peripheral blood B cells. Both CD20 surface expression and phosphorylation(More)
CD20 is a B cell-specific 35/37 kDa integral membrane protein which modulates proliferation and differentiation of normal resting B cells when stimulated by CD20 antibodies. An increase in c-myc mRNA levels occurs within hours after treatment of resting B cells with CD20 mAb; however earlier events in the CD20 signal transduction pathway have not been(More)
The effects of the cytokine IL-4 on resting and activated human B cells were compared with the effects of known "competence" signals able to drive resting B cells into the cell cycle, including anti-Ig, PMA, anti-CD20, and a recently described competence signal, anti-Bgp95. In proliferation assays, IL-4 was costimulatory with anti-Ig and anti-Bgp95 but not(More)
Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a B cell tumor affecting the pre-plasma stage of B cell differentiation. Hairy cells produce B cell growth factor (BCGF)-related growth factor(s) and we have previously shown that low mol wt (LMW)-BCGF-induced proliferation of hairy cells is inhibited in vitro and in vivo by IFN-alpha. We therefore suggested that this effect(More)