Mary A. Mulkins

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To address the role of dimerization in the function of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, MCP-1, we mutated residues that comprise the core of the dimerization interface and characterized the ability of these mutants to dimerize and to bind and activate the MCP-1 receptor, CCR2b. One mutant, P8A*, does not dimerize. However, it has wild type binding(More)
Monocyte chemoattracant-1 (MCP-1) stimulates leukocyte chemotaxis to inflammatory sites, such as rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, and asthma, by use of the MCP-1 receptor, CCR2, a member of the G-protein-coupled seven-transmembrane receptor superfamily. These studies identified a family of antagonists, spiropiperidines. One of the more potent(More)
Arachidonate 15-lipoxygenase (arachidonate:oxygen 15-oxidoreductase, EC 1.13.11.33) is a lipid-peroxidating enzyme that is implicated in oxidizing low density lipoprotein to its atherogenic form. Monocyte/macrophage 15-lipoxygenase is present in human atherosclerotic lesions. To pursue a basis for induction of the enzyme, which is not present in blood(More)
Despite numerous studies, the precise role of dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis remains controversial. It has been shown that feeding an n-6-enriched diet resulted in decreased atherosclerosis in African green monkeys and was associated with a reduction in LDL levels. However, other authors reported that n-6(More)
A small molecule inhibitor of NF-kappaB-dependent cytokine expression was discovered that blocked tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha-induced IkappaB(alpha) degradation in MM6 cells but not the degradation of beta-catenin in Jurkat cells. Ro106-9920 blocked lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-dependent expression of TNFalpha, interleukin-1beta, and interleukin-6 in(More)
To study the possible role of the human lipid-oxidizing enzyme 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) in atherosclerosis, we overexpressed it specifically in the vascular wall of C57B6/SJL mice by using the murine preproendothelin-1 promoter. The mice overexpressing 15-LO were crossbred with low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient mice to investigate(More)
The specific activity of alkaline phosphatase was increased in two human osteogenic sarcoma cell lines, SAOS and TE85, after treatment with 1,25 dihydroxy-vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). Enzyme activity increased when the cells were incubated with concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D3 between 10(-9) and 10(-7) M and cell growth was not inhibited at these concentrations.(More)
Twenty clones stably resistant to 5-fluorouracil, 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine, or 5-fluorouridine have been isolated from L1210 or P388 murine leukemia cells by a one-step mutation and selection procedure. The activities of enzymes of the pyrimidine salvage pathway relevant to the activation of these drugs have been determined in order to elucidate the(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) inhibition of the growth of mouse or human leukemia cells in culture was partially prevented by either thymidine (dThd) or hypoxanthine. 5-Fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd) also decreased the growth-inhibitory potency of MTX in the presence of small concentrations of 5-formyltetrahydrofolate (citrovorum factor) and sufficient exogenous dThd(More)