Mary A Brothers

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The HLA class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response is a major defense mechanism in viral infections. It has been suggested that the CTL response may contribute to viral clearance and liver cell injury during hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. To test this hypothesis requires an understanding of the characteristics of HCV-specific cytotoxic(More)
AG7088 is a potent, irreversible inhibitor of human rhinovirus (HRV) 3C protease (inactivation rate constant (k(obs)/[I]) = 1,470,000 +/- 440,000 M(-1) s(-1) for HRV 14) that was discovered by protein structure-based drug design methodologies. In H1-HeLa and MRC-5 cell protection assays, AG7088 inhibited the replication of all HRV serotypes (48 of 48)(More)
Human rhinoviruses, the most important etiologic agents of the common cold, are messenger-active single-stranded monocistronic RNA viruses that have evolved a highly complex cascade of proteolytic processing events to control viral gene expression and replication. Most maturation cleavages within the precursor polyprotein are mediated by rhinovirus 3C(More)
The picornavirus 3C protease is required for the majority of proteolytic cleavages that occur during the viral life cycle. Comparisons of published amino acid sequences from 6 human rhinoviruses (HRV) and 20 human enteroviruses (HEV) show considerable variability in the 3C protease-coding region but strict conservation of the catalytic triad residues.(More)
(E)-(S)-4-((S)-2-{3-[(5-methyl-isoxazole-3-carbonyl)-amino]-2-oxo-2H-pyridin-1-yl}-pent-4-ynoylamino)-5-((S)-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-3-yl)-pent-2-enoic acid ethyl ester (Compound 1) is a novel, irreversible inhibitor of human rhinovirus (HRV) 3C protease {inactivation rate constant (Kobs/[I]) of 223,000 M-1s-1}. In cell-based assays, Compound 1 was active against(More)
Symptom severity in patients with human rhinovirus (HRV)-induced respiratory illness is associated with elevated levels of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8. AG7088 is a novel, irreversible inhibitor of the HRV 3C protease. In this study, AG7088 was tested for its antiviral activity and ability to inhibit the production of IL-6 and(More)
A Mr 70,000 protein was isolated from cytotoxic human large granular lymphocytes and shown to have cytotoxic activity. The protein was demonstrated to be immunochemically related to the ninth component (C9) of complement and was therefore designated C9-related protein (C9RP). This finding suggests that C9RP and C9 share homology in primary structure and(More)
We report herein the successful priming of human anti-viral cytotoxic T cells (CTL) in vitro using two induction strategies based on the stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from uninfected donors with synthetic viral peptides. The peptides used contain HLA-A2 binding motifs and have been identified as HLA-A2-restricted CTL epitopes in(More)
Rupintrivir (formerly AG7088) is an irreversible inhibitor of the human rhinovirus (HRV) 3C protease that has been demonstrated to have in vitro activity against all HRVs tested, consistent with its interaction with a strictly conserved subset of amino acids in the 3C protease. The potential for resistance was studied following in vitro serial passage of(More)