Learn More
OBJECTIVE To determine whether cortical electrical stimulation can terminate bursts of epileptiform activity in humans, we used afterdischarges (ADs) as a model of epileptiform activity. METHODS Cortical stimulation was performed for clinical localization purposes using subdural electrodes implanted in patients undergoing preresection evaluations for(More)
The goal of epilepsy monitoring is to capture several seizures, utilizing continuous electroencephalography (EEG)/video for later analysis. Various provocative techniques, such as withdrawing antiepileptic drugs or sleep deprivation are used to precipitate seizures. Patients run a higher risk of injuries due to having an increase in seizure frequency and/or(More)
We analyzed retrospectively the clinical and EEG data in 13 patients with simple partial seizures (SPS). All EEGs were recorded with surface electrodes with the standard 10-20 system and additional closely spaced scalp and subfrontotemporal skin electrodes. Seventy-seven seizures were recorded. We detected electrographic correlates with SPS in 10 of 13(More)
Measurement of serum prolactin levels can be useful in the diagnosis of epilepsy, since prolactin levels often rise after seizures, but not after most imitators of epilepsy. Utility of the test is limited by the need to obtain blood 10 to 20 minutes after the episode. The present study documents the validity of prolactin measurements using capillary blood,(More)
Children with childhood epileptic encephalopathy (Lennox-Gastaut syndrome) frequently have both multiple seizure types and nonepileptic stereotyped events that are difficult to differentiate. We hypothesize that electroencephalogram (EEG) video monitoring is essential for correct identification of atypical absence seizures in this population. All video/EEG(More)
Seizures have not historically been considered a major component of Down syndrome. We examined the prevalence of epileptic seizures in 350 children and adolescents with Down syndrome evaluated at a regional center between 1985 and 1997. Results showed that 28 patients (8%) had epileptic seizures: 13 (47%) partial seizures; 9 (32%) infantile spasms, and 6(More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep deprivation before obtaining an electroencephalogram (EEG) is believed both to increase the likelihood of sleep during an EEG and to increase the detection of interictal epileptiform discharges. However, depriving a child of sleep poses a burden on both the parent and the child. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of(More)
CONTEXT The optimal pharmacologic treatment for early convulsive status epilepticus is unclear. OBJECTIVE To analyze efficacy, tolerability and safety data for anticonvulsant treatment of children and adults with convulsive status epilepticus and use this analysis to develop an evidence-based treatment algorithm. DATA SOURCES Structured literature(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether application of hydrocortisone phonophoresis enhances transcutaneous delivery of topically applied hydrocortisone in humans, as determined by blood cortisol levels. SUBJECTS The subjects were 16 men and women, between the ages of 18 and 33 years (X = 25, SD = 2.74), without(More)
Having a seizure in public is a concern to people with epilepsy and can represent a barrier to psychosocial adjustment. Seeing his or her own seizures might help the patient deal with seizures more realistically, but also could be emotionally detrimental. We therefore showed patients videos of their own seizures before their discharge from our inpatient(More)