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Chronic postoperative endophthalmitis (CPE) is a delayed infectious intraocular inflammation process that occurs more than six weeks after ocular surgery and frequently masquerades as autoimmune uveitis. These cases are at risk of delayed diagnosis and erroneous long-term treatment with corticosteroids. This paper aims to review the epidemiology,(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate tobacco use, beliefs and attitudes among medical students in Syria. METHODS A cross-sectional study of a random sample of 570 medical students (first and fifth year) registered at the Damascus University Faculty of Medicine in 2006-2007. We used a self-administered questionnaire for demo-graphic information, smoking behaviour(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the short-term efficacy of intravitreal adalimumab (IVA) for the treatment of eyes with active noninfectious uveitis. METHODS Consecutive eyes with active noninfectious uveitis were injected with IVA at 0, 2, then every 4 weeks for total of 26 weeks. RESULTS Six out of 7 patients (12 of 13 eyes) completed 26 weeks of treatment. One(More)
Uveitis is a vision threatening inflammation of the eye that carries considerable morbidity. It is responsible for 10% of legal blindness in the United States and up to 25% in the developing world. Uveitis in patients more than 60 years of age is less common. The aging body has a changing response of the immune system, which might reflect a different(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) varies among geographic regions and ethnic groups. The frequency of PCG in Lebanon and identification of disease-causing mutations have not been studied previously. PURPOSE To investigate the role of Cytochrome P1B1 (CYP1B1) gene and Myocillin (MYOC) gene mutations in PCG in the Lebanese(More)
PURPOSE To compare effectiveness of fornix- and limbal-based conjunctival flaps in trabeculectomy surgery. DESIGN Systematic review. METHODS Setting: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, LILACS, ISRCTN registry, ClinicalTrials.gov, WHO, and ICTRP were searched to identify eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs). STUDY POPULATION RCTs in which benefits and(More)
PURPOSE To report the outcome of pediatric patients with retinoblastoma refractory to traditional local therapy who were treated with indocyanine green (ICG)-enhanced thermotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS This is a retrospective review of a case series of 3 patients with bilateral retinoblastoma who were treated with ICG-enhanced thermotherapy after(More)
1 Welcome to the January 2016 Update. This will be produced every month and lists the most recent literature in the field. Full text links are provided where available please login to Athens to access the Full text. If you do not have an NHS Open Athens account please register at http://openathens.nice.org.uk/ Good Hope, Heartlands and Solihull Libraries(More)
Diabetic retinal disease is characterized by a series of retinal microvascular changes and increases in retinal vascular permeability that lead to development of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema (DME), respectively. Current treatment strategies for DR and DME are mostly limited to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors and(More)
Congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles is a rare hereditary strabismus disorder. A case of congenital fibrosis of the inferior rectus muscles with severe chin-up posture and bilateral limitation of up gaze is reported. Bilateral large recessions of the tight inferior rectus muscles provided only partial improvement. Residual head posture and(More)