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Both calorie restriction and the ketogenic diet possess broad therapeutic potential in various clinical settings and in various animal models of neurological disease. Following calorie restriction or consumption of a ketogenic diet, there is notable improvement in mitochondrial function, a decrease in the expression of apoptotic and inflammatory mediators(More)
Dietary protocols that increase serum levels of ketones, such as calorie restriction and the ketogenic diet, offer robust protection against a multitude of acute and chronic neurological diseases. The underlying mechanisms, however, remain unclear. Previous studies have suggested that the ketogenic diet may reduce free radical levels in the brain. Thus, one(More)
Previous studies have shown that ketone bodies (KB) exert antioxidant effects in experimental models of neurological disease. In the present study, we explored the effects of the KB acetoacetate (ACA) and beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) on impairment of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in rats by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) using electrophysiological,(More)
We offer evidence that acetylcholine (ACh) is involved in the emergence of functional neuronal plasticity induced by whisker pairing. Evoked potentials were recorded within the barrel cortex of awake, adult rats before, during, and after one of five paradigms. In the pairing procedure, each of 50 deflections of a whisker (S1) was followed 150 ms later by(More)
Ketone bodies (KB) have been shown to prevent neurodegeneration in models of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, but the mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. One possibility is that KB may exert antioxidant activity. In the current study, we explored the effects of KB on rat neocortical neurons exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) or(More)
Upper extremity motor function was quantitatively assessed in 6 children (age 7-11 years) treated with antiepileptic drugs for benign focal epilepsies of childhood and compared with that of 30 age-matched normal children. Both motor performance and adaptation to perturbing mechanical constraints imposed by a robotic device were significantly impaired in(More)
Mouse models with physiological and behavioral differences attributable to differential plasticity of hippocampal and amygdalar neuronal networks are rare. We previously generated ataxin-2 (Atxn2) knockout mice and demonstrated that these animals lacked obvious anatomical abnormalities of the CNS, but showed marked obesity and reduced fertility. We now(More)
Experiments involving single-unit recordings and microiontophoresis were carried out in the barrel cortex of awake, adult rats subjected to whisker pairing, an associative learning paradigm where deflections of the recorded neuron's principle vibrissa (S2) are repeatedly paired with those of a non-adjacent one (S1). Whisker pairing with a 300 ms(More)
AIMS To evaluate the acute effects of the mitochondrial complex I inhibitor rotenone on rat hippocampal synaptic plasticity. METHODS Electrophysiological field potential recordings were used to measure basal synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in rat coronal hippocampal slices. Synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) was induced by high-frequency(More)
A novel actin cDNA has been isolated from an abdominal ganglion cDNA library of Aplysia californica by differential screening. This cDNA of 1596 nucleotides in length encodes a putative actin protein of 41.8 kDa. This protein shows 95.2% identity with another Aplysia actin gene previously shown to be expressed in the muscular sheath of the ganglion(More)