Marwan K Al-Shawi

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ATPase activity associated with P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is characterized by three drug-dependent phases: basal (no drug), drug-activated, and drug-inhibited. To understand the communication between drug-binding sites and ATP hydrolytic sites, we performed steady-state thermodynamic analyses of ATP hydrolysis in the presence and absence of transport substrates.(More)
A multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CR1R12) was obtained which constitutively expresses P-glycoprotein, up to 32% by weight of plasma membrane protein. CR1R12 plasma membranes had high, drug-activated ATPase activity referable to P-glycoprotein. The specific ATPase activity in the presence of verapamil was calculated to be approximately 9(More)
Utilizing human P-glycoprotein (P-gp), we investigated methods to enhance the heterologous expression of ATP-binding cassette transporters in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Human multidrug resistance gene MDR1 cDNA was placed in a high-copy 2 mu yeast expression plasmid under the control of the inducible GAL1 promoter or the strong constitutive PMA1 promoter(More)
A simple and rapid procedure is described for purification of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) from a multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CR1R12) in which the plasma membranes are highly enriched in Pgp (Al-Shawi, M.K., Senior A.E. (1993) J. Biol. Chem, 268, 4197-4206). The procedure consisted of octylglucoside solubilization of Pgp from plasma(More)
The F0F1 ATP synthase is a large complex of at least 22 subunits, more than half of which are in the membranous F0 sector. This nearly ubiquitous transporter is responsible for the majority of ATP synthesis in oxidative and photo-phosphorylation, and its overall structure and mechanism have remained conserved throughout evolution. Most examples utilize the(More)
Verapamil-stimulated ATP hydrolysis by Chinese hamster P-glycoprotein in plasma membranes was shown to occur at a site(s) which is conformationally flexible and of relatively low affinity and specificity. Such properties distinguish P-glycoprotein from other transport ATPases. 8-Azido-ATP and 2-azido-ATP were excellent substrates, confirming that both(More)
The three catalytic sites of the F(O)F(1) ATP synthase interact through a cooperative mechanism that is required for the promotion of catalysis. Replacement of the conserved alpha subunit Arg-376 in the Escherichia coli F(1) catalytic site with Ala or Lys resulted in turnover rates of ATP hydrolysis that were 2 x 10(3)-fold lower than that of the wild type.(More)
ATPase activity of multidrug-resistance protein (P-glycoprotein, Pgp) from Chinese hamster ovary cells was studied. Catalytic characteristics were established for Pgp both in its natural plasma membrane environment and in purified reconstituted protein. Generally the two preparations of Pgp behaved similarly, and demonstrated low affinity for MgATP, low(More)
Thermodynamic properties of 12 different F1-ATPase enzymes were analyzed in order to gain insights into the catalytic mechanism and the nature of energy coupling to delta mu H+. The enzymes were normal soluble Escherichia coli F1, a group of nine beta-subunit mutant soluble E. coli F1 enzymes (G142S, K155Q, K155E, E181Q, E192Q, M209I, D242N, D242V, R246C),(More)