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P-glycoprotein is a plasma-membrane glycoprotein which confers multidrug-resistance on cells and displays ATP-driven drug-pumping in vitro. It contains two nucleotide-binding domains, and its structure places it in the 'ABC transporter' family. We review recent evidence that both nucleotide-sites bind and hydrolyse Mg-ATP. The two catalytic sites interact(More)
A multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CR1R12) was obtained which constitutively expresses P-glycoprotein, up to 32% by weight of plasma membrane protein. CR1R12 plasma membranes had high, drug-activated ATPase activity referable to P-glycoprotein. The specific ATPase activity in the presence of verapamil was calculated to be approximately 9(More)
ATPase activity of multidrug-resistance protein (P-glycoprotein, Pgp) from Chinese hamster ovary cells was studied. Catalytic characteristics were established for Pgp both in its natural plasma membrane environment and in purified reconstituted protein. Generally the two preparations of Pgp behaved similarly, and demonstrated low affinity for MgATP, low(More)
The F0F1 ATP synthase is a large complex of at least 22 subunits, more than half of which are in the membranous F0 sector. This nearly ubiquitous transporter is responsible for the majority of ATP synthesis in oxidative and photo-phosphorylation, and its overall structure and mechanism have remained conserved throughout evolution. Most examples utilize the(More)
Utilizing human P-glycoprotein (P-gp), we investigated methods to enhance the heterologous expression of ATP-binding cassette transporters in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Human multidrug resistance gene MDR1 cDNA was placed in a high-copy 2 mu yeast expression plasmid under the control of the inducible GAL1 promoter or the strong constitutive PMA1 promoter(More)
ATP hydrolysis-dependent rotation of the F(1) sector of the ATP synthase is a successive cycle of catalytic dwells (∼0.2 ms at 24 °C) and 120° rotation steps (∼0.6 ms) when observed under V(max) conditions using a low viscous drag 60-nm bead attached to the γ subunit (Sekiya, M., Nakamoto, R. K., Al-Shawi, M. K., Nakanishi-Matsui, M., and Futai, M. (2009)(More)
The F0F1 ATP synthase is a large multisubunit complex that couples translocation of protons down an electrochemical gradient to the synthesis of ATP. Recent advances in structural analyses have led to the demonstration that the enzyme utilizes a rotational catalytic mechanism. Kinetic and biochemical evidence is consistent with the expected equal(More)
ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporters are arguably the most important family of ATP-driven transporters in biology. Despite considerable effort and advances in determining the structures and physiology of these transporters, their fundamental molecular mechanisms remain elusive and highly controversial. How does ATP hydrolysis by ABC transporters drive(More)
ATPase activity associated with P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is characterized by three drug-dependent phases: basal (no drug), drug-activated, and drug-inhibited. To understand the communication between drug-binding sites and ATP hydrolytic sites, we performed steady-state thermodynamic analyses of ATP hydrolysis in the presence and absence of transport substrates.(More)
Broad substrate specificity of human P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) is an essential feature of multidrug resistance. Transport substrates of P-glycoprotein are mostly hydrophobic and many of them have net positive charge. These compounds partition into the membrane. Utilizing the energy of ATP hydrolysis, P-glycoprotein is thought to take up substrates from the(More)