Marwa W. Kamel

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CONTEXT Estrogen and its metabolites play a critical role in the pathophysiology of the endometrium. The bioavailability of estrogen and estrogen metabolites in endometrial tissues depends on the expression of enzymes involved in estrogen biosynthesis and metabolism. Substantial evidence indicates that estrogen-dependent endometrial disorders are also(More)
Prolonged exposure to unopposed estrogens is a major risk factor for the development of endometrial cancer. Oxidative metabolism of estradiol (E(2)) into the catecholestrogens (CEs), 4-hydroxyestradiol (4-OHE(2)) and 2-hydroxyestradiol (2-OHE(2)), may play an important role in estrogen carcinogenicity. CEs can be oxidized to the corresponding ortho-quinone(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is a proinflammatory cytokine that has been linked to breast cancer development. Estrogen metabolic pathway is also involved in breast carcinogenesis and DNA adducts formation. In this study we investigated the effect of TNF-α on the estrogen metabolic pathway in MCF-7, a breast cancer cell line. Capillary liquid(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects and the mechanism of action of 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME(2)) on transforming growth factor (TGF) β3-induced profibrotic response in immortalized human uterine fibroid smooth muscle (huLM) cells. DESIGN Laboratory study. SETTING University research laboratory. PATIENTS(S) Not applicable. INTERVENTIONS(S) Not(More)
CONTEXT Development of optimal medicinal treatments of uterine leiomyomas represents a significant challenge. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME) is an endogenous estrogen metabolite formed by sequential action of CYP450s and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). Our previous study demonstrated that 2ME is a potent antiproliferative, proapoptotic, antiangiogenic, and(More)
CONTEXT Proliferating cells reprogram their cellular glucose metabolism to meet the bioenergetic and biosynthetic demands and to maintain cellular redox homeostasis. Pyruvate kinase M (PKM) is a critical regulator of this metabolic reprogramming. However, whether estradiol-17β (E2) reprograms cellular metabolism to support proliferation of human primary(More)
OBJECTIVE The elevated incidence of obesity has been paralleled with higher risks of breast cancer. High adiposity increases leptin secretion from adipose tissue, which in turn increases cancer cell proliferation. The interplay between leptin and estrogen is one of the mechanisms through which leptin influences breast carcinogenesis. An unbalanced estrogen(More)
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Oncology, Cancer Biology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt(More)
The role of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in uterine fibroids (UF) has recently been appreciated. Overhydroxylation of lysine residues and the subsequent formation of hydroxylysylpyridinoline (HP) and lysylpyridinoline (LP) cross-links underlie the ECM stiffness and profoundly affect tumor progression. The aim of the current study was to investigate the(More)
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