Marwa Khater

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Pretreatment of mice with anti-asialo GM1, which has been shown to deplete NK cytolytic activity without affecting cytotoxic T cells or macrophages, increased the weak anti-PPS 6 responses of adult mice to levels similar to that of their anti-PPS 3 responses, and increased the weak-to-absent anti-PPS 3 and anti-PPS 6 responses of weanling mice to the same(More)
Artificial life evolutionary systems facilitate addressing lots of fundamental questions in evolutionary genetics. Behavioral adaptation requires long term evolution with continuous emergence of new traits, governed by natural selection. We model organism's genomes coding for their behavioral model and represented by fuzzy cognitive maps (FCM), in an(More)
To study the evolutionary process and the emergence of species, we have conceived an individual-based evolving predator-prey ecosystem simulation presented in (Gras, 2009). One major and unique contribution of this simulation is that it combines a behavioral, an evolutionary and a speciation mechanism. This is the only simulation modeling the fact that(More)
Cell therapy has attracted considerable interest as a promising therapeutic alternative for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Clinical studies have shown that grafted fetal neural tissue can achieve considerable biochemical and clinical improvements in PD. However, the source of fetal tissue grafts is limited and ethically controversial. Human(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o The ecological effects of predator removal and its consequence on prey behavior have been investigated widely; however, predator removal can also cause contemporary evolution of prey resulting in prey genetic change. Here we tested the role of predator removal on the contemporary evolution of prey traits such as movement, reproduction(More)
Biologists are interested in studying the relation between the genetic diversity of a population and its fitness. We adopt the notion of entropy as a measure of genetic diversity and correlate it with fitness of an evolutionary ecosystem simulation. EcoSim is a predator-prey individual based simulation which models co-evolving sexual individuals evolving in(More)
The complexity of behavioural interactions in predator-prey systems has recently begun to capture trait-effects, or non-lethal effects, of predators on prey via induced behavioural changes. Non-lethal predation effects play crucial roles in shaping population and community dynamics, particularly by inducing changes to foraging, movement and reproductive(More)
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