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The instrumentation time, and the resulting root canal angulation change and shape after using ultrasonic, sonic, and hand instrumentation techniques were studied in the mesial canals of 55 extracted human mandibular first and second molars. After instrumentation, the roots were sectioned horizontally in the apical, middle, and coronal thirds and evaluated(More)
It is now recognized that FMR1 premutation carriers (PC) are at risk to develop a range of neurological, psychiatric, and immune-mediated disorders during adulthood. There are conflicting findings regarding the incidence of hypertension, hypothyroidism, diabetes, and cancer in these patients that warrant further study. A retrospective controlled study was(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of instrumenting root canals using an ultrasonic device (Enac) at different power levels on the prepared canal shape and instrumentation time, and to compare these results with those obtained using a standardized hand instrumentation technique. The mesial canals (120) of 60 human mandibular first and(More)
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