Marvin O. Bagby

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Sixty-two cultures from the ARS Culture Collection and 10 cultures isolated from soil and water samples collected in Illinois were screened for their ability to convert agricultural oils to value-added industrial chemicals. A new compound, 7,10-dihydroxy-8-(E)-octadecenoic acid (DOD) was produced from oleic acid by a new strain,Pseudomonas sp. PR3 isolated(More)
In a survey of 186 randomly selected microbial strains isolated from composted manure, 63 transformed oleic acid into three types of products: hydroxy fatty acid, fatty amide, and less polar oleyl lipid. Selection of oleic acid-transforming microorganisms was enhanced in nutrient agar supplemented with 0.1% (vol/vol) oleic acid at pH 7.2. Most of the 63(More)
Vegetable oils and their derivatives (especially methyl esters), commonly referred to as “biodiesel,” are prominent candidates as alternative diesel fuels. They have advanced from being purely experimental fuels to initial stages of commercialization. They are technically competitive with or offer technical advantages compared to conventional diesel fuel.(More)
Resting cell suspensions of seven Nocardia species catalyzed the production of 10-hydroxystearic acid from oleic acid. Nocardia cholesterolicum NRRL 5767 gave a good yield with optimum conditions at pH 6.5 and 40°C. Yields exceeding 90% can be obtained within 6 h with 0.1 g cells (dry weight) and 178 mg oleic acid in 10 ml of 0.05 M sodium phosphate buffer(More)
The information presented in this publication represents current research findings on the production of glucose and xylose from straw and subsequent direct fermentation of both sugars to ethanol. Agricultural straw was subjected to thermal or alkali pulping prior to enzymatic saccharification. When wheat straw (WS) was treated at 170 degrees C for 30-60 min(More)
A bacterium, NRRL B-14797, isolated from composted manure, converted oleic acid exclusively to 10(R)-hydroxystearic acid in 3-day batch cultures. 9(Z)-Unsaturated fatty acids in a lipid extract from soybean soapstock were also hydrated effectively. Aerobic bioconversions by isolate B-14797 were compared with those byPseudomonas B-2994 andNocardia 5767,(More)
A new microbial isolate, Pseudomonas 2HS, produced trace amounts of a greenish-yellow pigment when grown aerobically in a 1% yeast extract medium at 30 degrees C and shaken at 250 rpm for 5 days. In contrast, cells produced more greenish-yellow pigment (2.16 mg/15 ml culture) when grown in the presence of 0.5% 12-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid (w/v). The(More)
alpha-Parinaric acid is a major constituent fatty acid (48%) fromImpatiens edgeworthii Hook F. seed oil. Partial hydrazine reduction of the tetraene gave products which permit defining the stereochemistry of alpha-parinaric acid. Its structure iscis-9,trans-11,trans-13,cis-15-octadecatetraenoic acid. The tetraene readily reacts with maleic anhydride to give(More)
Previously, we reported the discovery of a new compound, 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid (DOD) which was produced from oleic acid by a new bacterial isolate PR3 [6,7]. The reaction is unique in that it involves a hydroxylation at two positions and a rearrangement of the double bond of the substrate molecule. Now, we have isolated another compound from(More)