Marvin M. van Luijn

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During onset, treatment and progression of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), inadequate immune responses against certain myeloid leukemic blasts might be associated with the occurrence of minimal residual disease and subsequent relapse. Several studies on this subject have demonstrated that, in general, solid tumor cells are able to avoid CD8(+) cytotoxic(More)
BACKGROUND Disease recurrence in patients with acute myeloid leukemia may be partially explained by the escape of leukemic blasts from CD4(+) T-cell recognition. The current study investigates the role of aberrant HLA class II antigen presentation on leukemic blasts by determining both the clinical and functional impact of the class II-associated invariant(More)
Immune escape in cancer poses a substantial obstacle to successful cancer immunotherapy. Multiple defects in HLA class I antigen presentation exist in cancer that may contribute to immune escape, but less is known about roles for HLA class II antigen presentation. On class II(+) leukemic blasts, the presence of class II-associated invariant chain peptide(More)
C-type lectins are key players in immune regulation by driving distinct functions of antigen-presenting cells. The C-type lectin CLEC16A gene is located at 16p13, a susceptibility locus for several autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis. However, the function of this gene and its potential contribution to these diseases in humans are poorly(More)
During HLA class II synthesis in antigen-presenting cells, the invariant chain (Ii) not only stabilizes HLA class II complexes in the endoplasmic reticulum, but also mediates their transport to specialized lysosomal antigen-loading compartments termed MIICs. This study explores an alternative HLA class II presentation pathway in leukemic blasts that(More)
Therapeutic vaccination with dendritic cells (DC) is an emerging investigational therapy for eradication of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia. Various strategies are being explored in manufacturing DC vaccines ex vivo, e.g., monocyte-derived DC (MoDC) loaded with leukemia-associated antigens (LAA). However, the optimal source of LAA and the(More)
Because of severe bleeding complications, patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) have to be treated with all-trans retinoic acid immediately following diagnosis. In addition to morphology, flow cytometry contributes to a rapid detection of APL according to phenotypic characteristics of leukemic cells. In some patients, these analyses are(More)
Antigen presentation by HLA class I (HLA-I) and HLA class II (HLA-II) complexes is achieved by proteins that are specific for their respective processing pathway. The invariant chain (Ii)-derived peptide CLIP is required for HLA-II-mediated antigen presentation by stabilizing HLA-II molecules before antigen loading through transient and promiscuous binding(More)
Therapeutic vaccination with dendritic cells (DCs) is recognized as an important experimental therapy for the treatment of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia. Many sources of leukemia-associated antigens and different methods for antigen loading of DCs have been used in an attempt to optimize anti-tumor responses. For instance,(More)
Several immunotherapeutic strategies are currently available or tested to trigger the immune system against tumor cells in cancer patients. In this respect, the capacity of tumor cells to affect or escape from T cell immunity should be taken into consideration for the success of immunotherapy. Until now, many immune escape mechanisms have been demonstrated(More)