Marvin L. Constanzer

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In recent years, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) detection has been demonstrated to be a powerful technique for the quantitative determination of drugs and metabolites in biological fluids. However, the common and early perception that utilization of HPLC-MS/MS practically guarantees selectivity is being(More)
BACKGROUND Aprepitant is a neurokinin(1) receptor antagonist that enhances prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting when added to conventional therapy with a corticosteroid and a 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT(3)) antagonist. Because aprepitant may be used with a variety of chemotherapeutic agents and ancillary support drugs, which may be(More)
BACKGROUND Aprepitant is a highly selective substance P (neurokinin 1 [NK(1)] receptor) antagonist that significantly improves the pharmacotherapy of acute and delayed highly emetogenic chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, probably through an action in the brain stem region of the central nervous system. Here, we report the use of positron emission(More)
Aprepitant is the first NK1 receptor antagonist approved for use with corticosteroids and 5HT3 receptor antagonists to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The effective dose to prevent CINV is a 125-mg capsule on day 1 followed by an 80-mg capsule on days 2 and 3. Study 1 evaluated the bioavailability of the capsules and estimated the(More)
Contrary to common perceptions, the reliability of quantitative assays for the determination of drugs in biological fluids using high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric (LC/MS/MS) detection methods and the integrity of resulting pharmacokinetic data may not be absolute. Results may be adversely affected by lack of specificity(More)
Oral aprepitant 125 mg, an antiemetic and a moderate inhibitor of the metabolism of oral midazolam, was assessed for interaction with intravenous midazolam in 12 subjects randomized to intravenous midazolam 2 mg +/- oral aprepitant 125 mg. The hypothesis was that midazolam AUC would not change by more than 2-fold (consistent with no more than weak(More)
Fosaprepitant is an intravenous formulation of aprepitant, an oral NK1 antagonist used to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. This randomized study was designed to evaluate fosaprepitant in polysorbate 80 vehicle for tolerability and bioequivalency to aprepitant. Tolerability was assessed by physical and laboratory examinations and adverse(More)
The pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of cyclobenzaprine, a widely used muscle relaxant, were investigated in four clinical studies, and the effects of age, gender, and hepatic insufficiency were characterized. Cyclobenzaprine plasma clearance was 689 ml/min, and the bioavailability of a 5 mg oral dose was 0.55. Following oral doses of 2.5 to 10 mg tid(More)
A simple offline LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of sitagliptin in human plasma is described. Samples are prepared using protein precipitation. Filtration of the supernatants through a Hybrid-SPE-PPT plate was found to be necessary to reduce ionization suppression caused by co-elution of phospholipids with sitagliptin. The sitagliptin and its stable(More)