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The carcinogenic response to the combined and separate exposures to formaldehyde (HCHO) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) was investigated in male inbred SD rats. The rats were exposed to gaseous HCHO, 14 ppm, and HCl, 10 ppm, in two experiments. In one experiment the gases were premixed at high concentrations before being diluted in the exposure chamber air to(More)
Inhalation exposure experiments with the direct-acting alkylating agent epichlorohydrin (ECH) were done on noninbred male Sprague-Dawley rats. Single 6-hour exposure to ECH and follow-up for 14 days showed the median lethal concentration to be about 360 ppm. Further inhalation experiments were done with 6-hour exposure 5 days/week. A short-term 30-exposure(More)
Tissue samples from lung cancer patients who had worked at a copper smelter and from controls were collected and classified by a panel of pathologists: 38% of the cancers were found to be adenocarcinomas, compared to 12% among the controls, a statistically significant difference (p less than 0.05). The predominance of adenocarcinomas was associated with(More)
Intratracheal injection of samples of naturally occurring and man-made mineral fibres into guinea pigs showed that while long fibre samples produced marked fibrosis, short fibre specimens produced only a macrophage reaction. In most cases the long fibre samples were administered in smaller doses than the short. The samples tested were crocidolite asbestos,(More)
This article reviews studies of the carcinogenicity of mineral fibers, notably asbestos, and presents seven major recommendations for further research. Mineral fibers represent the greatest cause--after cigarette smoke--of respiratory cancer due to air pollutants. Past asbestos exposure may currently account for 2000 mesothelioma deaths per year and 4000 to(More)