Marvin H. Bernstein

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Energy expenditure during steady-state, wind tunnel flights was estimated from O2 and CO2 exchange in five white-necked ravens (Corvus cryptoleucus, mean mass, 0.48 kg) at air speeds of 8-11 m/s. Power input was closely similar to allometric predictions based on data from other species of smaller birds. It increased significantly with air speed and flight(More)
During heat stress in domestic pigeons (Columba livia, mean mass 0.43 kg) brain temperature (T B) varied in parallel with colonic temperature (T c). The difference between these (T C−T B=ΔT) averaged 0.7°C and was not significantly altered when the animal breathed through a trachael cannula bypassing the buccopharyngeal cavity. When we sealed the nares and(More)
We investigated the effect of 2 months of exposure to cold conditions (0-5 C) on capillarization and on fiber size, distribution and ultrastructure in the pectoralis muscle of nine pigeons (Columbia livia; mean body mass 700 31 g) and compared the results with measurements from four control birds (mean mass 715 42 g) kept at normal ambient temperature(More)
Tidal volume (VT), respiration frequency (f) and respiratory evaporation (mre) were measured in the passeriform fish crow, Corvus ossifragus (mass 0.28 kg), during steady state, horizontal, wind-tunnel flight, at air speeds of 7.4-11.0 m-sec-1 and air temperatures (TA) of 12-28 degrees C. Ventilation (V1) of the respiratory system was calculated as f-VT.(More)
This paper presents the procedures and equations to be utilized for measurement of evaporative water loss (mw), by use of the dew-point hygrometer, in small animals exposed to air containing water vapor in an open-flow system. The system accounted accurately for the water evaporated from a bubble flask. In addition, hygrometric measurements of(More)
1. Brain (hypothalamic) and cloacal temperatures were measured in heat-stressed Lesser Nighthawks (Chordeiles acutipennis), Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), Pigeons (Columba livia), and White-Necked Ravens (Corvus cryptoleucus) and in one Roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus). Range of mean body masses was 0.047 to 1.156 kg. 2. In all these species brain(More)